Office: 2315 Dwinelle
Office hours: Wed and Thurs 2:00-4:00
Office phone: 642-6146
Class meets: 414 MLK Student Union
Wed. 10:00-12:00

Description: This course will examine historical approaches to racial and ethnic relations in early modern Europe from the Middle Ages through the French Revolution. It will explore patterns of religious, ethnic and racial diversity, trajectories of migration and immigration, the theories and practices of enslavement and emancipation as well as the social, cultural, political and juridical history of separatism and integration. The course will chart the broad transformation of European culture from the ideal of Christian universalism to modern nations based upon secular citizenship rooted in natural rights. We will explore themes in Jewish history, the history of Islam, the African diaspora in Europe, imperialism and colonization in both the Americas and the Far East.

Assignments: Along with creative and energetic execution of all reading assignments, students will be required to give two seminar presentations, write two short (3-5 page) papers and one, longer final paper (15 pages).


The following, required books are available for purchase at the ASUC Bookstore and Ned's on Bancroft Ave. All required readings are also on two-hour reserve in Moffit Library.

- Panikos Panayi, Outsiders: A History of European Minorities (London: Hambledon Press, 1999)
- David Nirenberg, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996)
- Henry Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998)
- Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America (University of New Mexico Press, 1983)
- Jonathan Israel, European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750 (Oxford: 1985)
- James Walvin, The Slave Trade (Sutton Pub. Ltd)
- Adam Potkay and Sandra Burr, eds. Black Atlantic Writers of the Eighteenth Century (Boston: St. Martins)
- Jonathan D. Spence, The Question of Hu (New York: Vintage, 1989)
- Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze, ed., Race and the Enlightenment: A Reader
- Lynn Hunt, The French Revolution and Human Rights; A Brief Documentary History (Boston: Bedford Books, 1996

Seminar and Reading Schedule:

Week 1
Aug 29: Introduction and Orientation
Reading: Begin reading Panayi, Outsiders.

Week 2
Sept 5: An Overview: What is an Outsider?
Reading: Finish Panayi, Outsiders.

Suggestions for further reading:
Mary Douglas, Purity and Danger
Edward Said, Orientalism
Angus Fraser, The Gypsies
Tzvetan Todorov, On Human Diversity
Theodore Allen, The Invention of the White Race
Etienne Balibar and Immanuel Wallerstein, Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities
John and Jean Comaroff, Ethnography and the Historical Imagination

Week 3
Sept 12: Minorities in the Medieval World I
Reading: Nirenberg, Communities of Violence, Introduction and Chapters 1-4.

Suggestions for further reading:
Georges Duby, Feudal Society
Carlo Ginzburg, Ecstasies, and Other Essays
J. Muldoon, Popes, Lawyers and Infidels: The Church and the Non-Christian World, 1250-1550
Jacob Katz, Exclusiveness and Tolerance
Amin Maalouf, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes
C.F. Beckingham, Between Islam and Christendom: Travellers, Facts and Legends in the Middle Ages

Week 4
Sept 19: Minorities in the Medieval World II
Reading: Nirenberg, Communities of Violence, Chapters 5-7 and Epilogue.

Week 5
Sept 26: Spanish Inquisition I
Reading: Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition, Preface and Chapters 1-6.

Suggestions for further reading:
Henry Charles Lea, The Inquisition in the Middle Ages: Its Organization and Operation
Edward Peters, Inquisition
Yosef Hayim Yersushalmi, From Spanish Court to Italian Ghetto
Edith Hall, Inventing the Barbarian
Alber Hourani, A History of Arab Peoples
Bernard Lewis, Islam and the West
Francis Robinson, ed., Cambridge History of the Islamic World
H.C. Hoffman, "Outsiders by Blood and Birth: Racist Ideologies and Realities Around the Peripheries of Europe," Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History 6 (Vancouver: 1983)
Jane Gerber, The Jews of Spain

Week 6
Oct 3: Spanish Inquistion II
Reading: Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition, Chapters 7-14.

Week 7
Oct 10: Europeans in the New World
Reading: Cabeza de Vacas, Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America (entire).

Suggestions for further reading:
J.R. Hale, Age of Exploration
James D. Tracy, The Rise of Merchant Empires
Philip D. Curtin, Cross-cultural Trade in World History
John Elliot, Imperial Spain
Stephen Greenblatt, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World
Anthony Grafton, New Worlds, Ancient Texts: The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery
Anthony Pagden, European Encounters with the New World: From Renaissance to Romanticism
Anthony Pagden, Uncertainies of Empire: Essays in Iberian and Ibero-American Intellectual History
Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World System, vol. II
John Elliot, The Old World and the New
Anthony Pagden, Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France, 1500-1800
Anthony Pagden, Colonial Identity in the Atlantic World
Charles Verlindin, The Beginnings of Modern Colonization

Week 8
Oct 17: European Jewry I
Reading: Israel, European Jewry (begin).

Suggestions for further reading:
Esther Benbassa and Aron Rodrigue, The Jews of the Balkans
Jeremy Cohen, The Friars and the Jews
Robert Bonfil, Jewish Life in Renaissance Italy
Mark R. Cohen, ed., The Autobiography of a Seventeenth-Century Rabbi
Cecil Roth, A Short History of the Jewish People

Week 9
Oct 24: European Jewry II
Reading: Israel, European Jewry (finish).

Week 10
Oct 31: The Slave Trade
Reading: Walvin, The Slave Trade (entire).

Suggestions for further reading:
Moses Finley, Slavery in Classical Antiquity
David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture
David Brion Davis, Slavery and Human Progress
Joseph Calder Miller, Way of Death: Merchant Capitalism and the Angolan Slave Trade, 1730-1830
Robert Louis Stein, The French Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century
Robin Blackburn, The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800
Seymour Drescher, Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform
Seymour Descher, Capitalism and Anti-Slavery: British Mobilization in Comparative Perspective

Week 11
Nov 7: African Responses to Europe I
Reading: Potkay, et al, eds. Black Atlantic Writers of the 18th Century: Introduction and selections from: Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, John Marrant and Quobna Ottobah Cugoano, pp. 1-158.

Suggestions for further reading:
V.Y. Mudimbe, The Idea of Africa
Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized
C.R. Boxer, Race Relations in the Portuguese Empire: 1415-1825
Stuart Schwartz, Implicit Understandings: Observing, Reporting, and Reflecting on Encounters between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era
A.J.R. Russell-Wood, The Black Man in Slavery and Freedom in Colonial Brazil

Week 12
Nov15: African Responses to Europe II
Reading: Potkay, et al, eds. Black Atlantic Writers of the 18th Century: Selection from Olaudah Equiano, pp. 159-268.


Week 13
Nov 21: Europe and Asia
Reading: Jonathan Spence, TheQuestion of Hu (entire).

Suggestions for further reading:
Jonathan Spence, In Search of Modern China
A.D. Wright, The Counter-reformation: Catholic Europe and the Non-Christian World
Jean Lacouture, Jesuits: A Multibiography


Week 14
Nov 28: Race and the Enlightenment
Reading: Eze, Race and the Enlightenment (entire).

Suggestions for further reading:
Anthony Pagden, The Fall of Natural Man: The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology
Michael Banton, Racial Theories
Londa Schiebinger, Nature's Body
Theodore W. Allen, The Invention of the White Race
Richard Popkin, "The Philosophical Basis of Eighteenth-Century Racism," in Harold E. Pagliano, ed., Racism in Eighteenth Century Culture, vol. 3.

Week 15
Dec 5: Race, Ethnicity and Revolution
Reading: Hunt, ed., The French Revolution and Human Rights (entire)

Suggestions for further reading:
C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins
Valerie Quinney, "The Problem of Civil Rights of Free Men of Color in the Early French Revolution," in Harold E. Pagliano, ed., Racism in Eighteenth Century Culture, vol. 3
Ferenc Feher, ed., The French Revolution and the Birth of Modernity
David Geggus, "Racial Equality, Slavery and Colonial Secession during the Constituent Assemble," American Historical Review, 94: 5 (December 1989): 1290-1309
David Geggus, Slavery, War and Revolution
Howard Holman Bell, Black Separatism and the Caribbean
Rogers Brubaker, Citzenship and Nationhood in France and Germany
Rogers Brubaker, Immigration and the Politics of Citizenship in Europe and North America