Chile and Argentina in the Twentieth Century

History 280E.001

Fall 2005
211 Dwinelle
Day & Time: 
W 12-2

This seminar focuses on key themes in the recent historiography of Chile and Argentina. Our central interest will be in citizenship, nationalism, and state formation, viewed as both state projects and important spaces of contestation. Our core readings range across the century, but cluster particularly around the post-WW II period. Indeed, the conceptual starting point of the class is the political juncture of the mid-1970s: our attempt to understand the parallel experiences of mobilization and repression in those years will draw us back into the history of the century. We will begin with a series of excellent monographs on Chile that share a common concern with class, citizenship and gender, then turn to a more eclectic series of monographs on modern Argentina. All our readings on Chile will be, in a sense, in the shadow of Allende, as attempts to understand the emergence, radicalization and collapse of the Chilean welfare state, while our readings on Argentina will be, similarly, in the shadow of PerÛn, and the transformations wrought by the national-popular movement he founded. For Argentina, however, our monographs will examine a broader cultural terrain, looking at the regional articulation of the nation-state, indigenous communities and industrialization, psychiatry, and prisons. Finally, we will return to the repression of the 1970s at the end of the semester for a close reading of recent work on memory. Two short 3-5 page critical reviews on weekly readings and a 15-20 page final paper will be required.