TOPICS IN INTERDISCIPLINARY ITALIAN STUDIES: Literary Fascism? Italy and France from the 'fin-de-siâˆ_©cle' to the Holocaust

History 280B.002

Fall 2007
6331 Dwinelle
Day & Time: 
Thurs 2-5

How did Fascism develop to become a European-wide phenomenon? What were its diverse national origins and characteristics? What cultural, ideological and intellectual tendencies contributed to its development and experience? Can more or less radical forms of Fascism be identified, particularly when compared to Nazism? These questions will guide our exploration of the history of Europe between the end of the Nineteenth century and the Second world war, with a particular focus on Italy and France, which gave birth respectively to the first openly awoved experience of Fascism, and to nationalistic and anti-Semitic movements often seen as precursors to Fascism. A particular emphasis will be placed on cultures, literatures and ideas, and the mutual influence between national contexts. We will move, in France, from the Dreyfus Affaire and the 'Action Franâˆ_ßaise', to writers such as Drieu La Rochelle and Câˆ_©line, to governments such as the Vichy regime. In Italy, we will proceed from D'Annunzio to the 'squadrismo', from Mussolini and the intellectuals of the Fascist regime, to the Salo Republic of 1943-45.


Also Listed as Italian Studies 248. Instructor: Simon Levis-Sullam