The Discourses and Practices of Peace in the Middle Ages

History 280B.006

Fall 2016
3104 Dwinelle
Day & Time: 
Th 2-5p
The point of departure for this class is the Peace of God, the movement between 989 and 1040 that may have been Europe's first great millenarian movement – or not; that may have been the first great popular movement in European history – or not; that may have been at the origins of French and Italian communes and the German Landfrieden; that may have been a crucial turning point in European political discourses – or may have been nothing of the sort. One reason historians have trouble deciding whether or not the Peace of God was new and influential is because they tend not to look deeply at rituals and ideas of peace and peace-making before and after the Peace of God. This course will therefore look at peace and peace-making in a wide variety of settings throughout much of the middle ages: for example, Carolingian ideas of brotherhoods and guilds; the use of legal pacts and conventions; peace-making processes and rituals in 12th - and 13th -century French cities; ideas of peace in early communes and Landfrieden; armies of peace as they develop between the 9 th and the 12 th centuries; and, very importantly, the centrality of formal institutions of the Peace and Truce of God in the Usatges of Barcelona (which have almost little to do with the Peace of God as first appeared). Secondary sources are in in English, French, and German. Primary sources are in Latin and English translations. One should have at least some Latin, though it is actually possible to puzzle one's way through the material without it. One needs either French or German, though preferably both.

This seminar is combined with History 285.003, Class No. 34090.  See Professor Koziol for dual enrollment.