Gender, Medicine & Science

History 280D.001

Fall 2016
2303 Dwinelle
Day & Time: 
Th 2-4p
This seminar comprises a selective overview of the scholarship on gender and sexuality as the subject of medical and scientific study and practice. Specifically, we will explore how physicians, sexologists, biologists, psychiatrists and other researchers have sought to explain sexual difference and sexuality in scientific terms and how these differences have in turn affected medical and scientific practices. The course emphasizes three interlocking questions: How have medical and scientific concepts of the body informed notions of masculinity and femininity? How did medical and scientific knowledge and practice shape understandings of sex difference, gender, and sexuality over time? How did medical views of male and female bodies shape gendered conceptions of health and illness? Topics include the medicalization of sex and the nineteenth-century medical interest in hermaphroditism; sexology and the emergence of the homosexual; race and class in medical practice; explanations of sex determination in terms of chromosomes and hormones; the study of animal model organism for human sexual behavior; twentieth-century concepts of intersexuality and transsexuality; and debates about sex and/or race specific diseases from the nineteenth to the twentieth century. The course focuses on the USA but takes into account the transnational nature of medical and scientific theories and practice. While we will take a historical approach, we will read relevant works from gender studies, sociology, anthropology, and science and technology studies.

Course Books

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Skloot, Rebecca Broadway Books. ISBN: 1400052181 Required
How cancer crossed the color line by Wailoo, Keith Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195170177 Required
Female circumcision and clitoridectomy in the United States: A history of a medical treatment by Rodriguez, Sarah B. University of Rochester Press. ISBN: 978-1580464987 Required
The psychiatric persuasion: Knowledge, gender, and power in modern America by Lunbeck, Elizabeth Princeton University Press. ISBN: 978-0691025841 Required
Conduct unbecoming a woman: medicine on trial in turn-of-the-century Brooklyn by Morantz-Sanchez, Regina Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195139280 Required
American sexual character: Sex, gender, and national identity in the Kinsey reports. by Reumann, Miriam G. University of California Press. ISBN: 978-0520238350 Required
Queering the Color Line: Race and the Invention of Homosexuality in American Culture by Somerville, Siobhan B. Duke University Press Books. ISBN: 978-0822324430 Required
Sexology and Translation: Cultural and Scientific Encounters across the Modern World by Bauer, Heike Temple University Press. ISBN: 978-1439912492 Required
a. Private Practices: Harry Stack Sullivan, the Science of Homosexuality, and American Liberalism by Wake, Naoko Rutgers University Press. ISBN: 978-0813549583 Required
How sex changed: A history of transsexuality in the United States by Meyerowitz, Joanne J. Harvard University Press. ISBN: 978-0674009257 Required
Doubting sex: Inscriptions, bodies and selves in nineteenth-century hermaphrodite case histories. by Mak, Geertje Manchester University Press. ISBN: 978-0719089978 Required
Bodies in doubt: An American history of intersex by Reis, Elizabeth JHU Press. ISBN: 978-1421405834 Required
Measuring Manhood: Race and the Science of Masculinity, 1830-1934 by Stein, Melissa N. Univ Of Minnesota Press. ISBN: 978-0816673032 Required
The nature and nurture of love: From imprinting to attachment in Cold War America by a. Vicedo, Marga University of Chicago Press. ISBN: 978-0226215136 Required
Sex itself: the search for male and female in the human genome by Richardson, Sarah S. University of Chicago Press. ISBN: 978-0226325613 Required
Disciplining Reproduction: Modernity, American Life Sciences, and the Problems of Sex by Clarke, Adele Univ of California Press. ISBN: 978-0520207202 Required