The graduate seminar (offered at the two levels) discusses the research tools and methods needed to undertake advanced work in primary materials. The seminar is housed in the library, because Web resources, while ever improving, still do not suffice to study China before 1911. Thus the course provides a systematic and hands-on introduction to the available print and electronic resources. Students will also learn a bit about the history of Chinese bibliography and "Sinology." They will be encouraged to consider what research questions the available materials facilitate, and what questions remain relatively unexplored and why.