Summer 2018
Details
5: European Civilization from the Renaissance to the Present
  • This course has been cancelled.
First 6 Week Session
7B: The United States from Civil War to Present

What does it mean to be American? Whatever your answer is to this question, chances are it is deeply connected to the themes and events we will discuss in this class. Here we will track America's rise to global power, the fate of freedom in a post-Emancipation political setting, and the changing boundaries of nation, citizenship, and community. We will use landmark events to sharpen our themes, but we will also take care to analyze the equally important (and shifting) patterns of where and how Americans lived, worked, and played. 

Daniel M Robert
9 Lewis
TuWTh, 10 a.m. – 12 p.m. | June 18–August 10
Class #: 13548
8 Week Session
N100.001: Financial Crisis, Inequality and Globalization: A Transnational Economic History from the Great Depression to the Great Recession (1920s – 2010s)

• This is a 2 unit course. It does not fulfill a major requirement.

In 2003, during the annual meeting of the American Economic Association, one of its distinguished members, Nobel laureate Robert Lucas confidently proclaimed to his colleagues that the “central problem of depression prevention has been solved, for all practical purposes, and has in fact been solved for many decades.” Just a few years later, during the 2008 Great Recession, his claim was put to the test. If Lucas has been proven right, we can ask at what cost had the global economy been saved from collapse, and for whose benefit? Answers to these questions, as we will discover in this course, critically depend on how we understand the 1929 Great Depression. We will trace what lessons liberal and authoritarian political regimes learned from the Great Depression, and which ones they forgot, and when. Doing this will permit us to evaluate the connections between economic inequality and globalization that give rise to enormous outpouring of professional and popular analysis in the aftermath of financial crisis. Topics covered include global responses to the Great Depression, the Bretton Woods system, 1980s debt crisis, 1990s Asian financial crisis, and the Great Recession.

Andrej Milivojevic
60 Barrows
TuTh, 4–6 p.m. | May 21–June 29
Class #: 13549
First 6 Week Session
N100.002: War on Film: Conflict and Cinema in the Middle East and Balkans
  • This course has been cancelled.
First 6 Week Session
N100.003: American Business History

• This is a 2 unit course. It does not fulfill a major requirement.

When President Calvin Coolidge declared in 1925 that “the chief business of the American people is business,” he was not making a historical argument, though it would have been a defensible one. Nearly a century earlier, French visitor, Alexis de Tocqueville, made a similar observation. Indeed, America was colonized by joint-stock corporations! Understanding the history of American business can therefore unlock a great deal about America itself. How did the exchange of capital become capitalism? How have markets and firms been constructed politically and socially? Is the history of American business primarily one of creative entrepreneurs or exploitative opportunists? What is the relationship between capitalism, gender, and race? In this course, we will explore these questions on a chronological journey from seventeenth-century joint-stock colonization to twenty-first century high-frequency trading.

Daniel M Robert
2 LeConte
TuTh, 2–4 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 15013
Second 6 Week Session
N100.005: Youth in Revolt: Post-1945 Europe through Film

• This is a 2 unit course. It does not fulfill a major requirement.

Thoroughly devastated by war and the Holocaust, the Europe of the 1940s was poor, ethnically homogeneous, and politically divided into democratic-capitalist and Communist blocs. By the 1990s, Germany was reunified, the Soviet Union withdrawn from Eastern Europe, and the European Union expanded to include states formerly under Soviet rule. But the road to prosperity and unity required the revolutionary ideas and actions of youth.  In this course, we use award-winning feature films from the 1940s through the 1990s as our major primary sources for evaluating the major social, political, and cultural upheavals through which contemporary Europe emerged from its darkest decade. Topics addressed include the psychological aftershocks of fascism and Nazism; the decolonization of the British and French empires and the rise of racial and religious minorities in London, Paris and Berlin; the Sovietization of Eastern Europe and the rise of a dissident culture; the sexual revolution; the rise of television, rock n’roll, and the mass media; and the politics of Communism and anti-Communism in the Cold War.Focusing on films from England, France, West Germany, and East Germany, our major theme is generational revolt. In postwar Europe, each generation of youth revolted against  different aspects of politics and culture: outdated gender and sexual norms, the repression of wartime memory and guilt, political parties, universities and professions, the shallowness of consumer society, conformity under dictatorship.

Matthew Specter
180 Tan
TuTh, 10 a.m. – 12 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 15125
Second 6 Week Session
100U: This is What Democracy Looks Like? New Populisms and Fascisms in Europe and the U.S.

This course has been approved to satisfy an upper division requirement for the Political Science major.

Populism, xenophobia, fascism, anti-Semitism, and neo-Nazism have become prominent features of contemporary democratic politics in the U.S. and Western Europe, most notably since 2016. But populism has a longer history and its definition is elusive. Our main course goals are first, to put the startling events of the last year, chief among them the electoral victory of Donald Trump, into a 20th century comparative historical context, and second, to employ the tools of political theory to gain clarity about the relationship of populism, democracy and fascism. We approach this challenge by examining the similarities and differences between today’s right-wing (or authoritarian) populists with the fascist movements and regimes (including Nazi Germany) of mid-20th century Europe. Students will consider questions such as: Is there a unitary definition of populism, or are left and right-wing populisms more different than alike? Does populism have the potential to deepen democracy or only to disrupt or threaten its survival? To what extent does the steep rise in economic inequality since the late 1970s explain the widespread disgust and loss of trust in liberal democratic institutions? Is the electoral triumph of Trump and growing visibility of the “alt-Right” the outcome of deep strands of white supremacy and racial panic in American history? Or are Trumpism’s roots shallower and more traceable to a recent transnational “populist moment”? Interactive lecture with readings in European and American history, recent journalism and commentary, documentary films, videos.

 If you are a Political Science student and you have questions about your particular situation, please consult with Suzanne McDermott or Efrat Cidon.

Matthew Specter
107 GPBB (Genetics & Plant Biology)
MTuWTh, 10 a.m. – 12 p.m. | May 21–June 29
Class #: 15015
First 6 Week Session
106A: The Roman Republic

A history of Rome from the foundation of the city to the dictatorship of Caesar. The course examines the evolution of Republican government, the growth of Roman imperialism, and the internal disruptions of the age of the Gracchi, Sulla, and Caesar.

Michael J. Taylor
182 Dwinelle
MWF, 1–3:30 p.m. | May 21–June 29
Class #: 14232
First 6 Week Session
109C: The Middle East from the 18th Century to the Present

The Middle East is both a very old and a very new place. The region is home to some of the world’s longest-standing cities and societies, yet most of the countries that make up the Middle East did not exist a century ago. How did today’s Middle East come about? This course will introduce you to the political, social, and cultural history of the Middle East from the mid-eighteenth century to the present. By looking at the effects of colonialism and war, but also grassroots movements, culture, and art, we will come to understand how the last 250 years of global political, economic, and social transformations impacted the region, always with an eye to the experiences and responses of ordinary people. Throughout the course, we will explore the broad themes of the region such as global capitalism, imperialism, nationalism, women’s rights, political Islam, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the oil revolution, the impacts of the Cold War and American foreign policy. Such issues are not merely the purview of history and scholarship, but directly affect our lives today and will continue to do so for some time to come.

Christine Philliou
209 Dwinelle
TuWTh, 1–3:30 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 14200
Second 6 Week Session
116D: Twentieth-Century China

This course offers a survey of Chinese history from the turn of the twentieth century to the present. The narrative will focus on the rise of the Chinese party-state, the transformation of social groups and identities, and China’s changing role in the world. Topics include the fall of the Qing dynasty, the new Republic, the rivalry between Communists and Nationalists, the war with Japan, the Cultural Revolution, reform and opening, the 1989 democracy movement, and China’s global rise.

Brooks Jessup
3106 Etcheverry
TuWTh, 1–3:30 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 15111
Second 6 Week Session
124B: The United States from World War II to the Vietnam Era

Immediately prior to World War II, the US military ranked 17th in the world, most African-Americans lived in the rural south and were barred from voting, culture and basic science in the United States enjoyed no world-wide recognition, most married women did not work for wages, and the census did not classify most Americans as middle-class or higher. By 1973, all this had changed. This course will explore these and other transformations, all part of the making of modern America. We will take care to analyze the events, significance and cost of US ascendancy to world power in an international and domestic context.

Maggie Elmore
Dwin 215
TuWTh, 2-4:30 p.m. | May 21 - June 29
Class #: 15021
First 6 Week Session
131B: US Social History from the Civil War to the Present

Perhaps the most memorable line in the Declaration of Independence (1776) is the one that assures Americans of their unalienable rights to “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” The nation’s founders guaranteed the first two in the Bill of Rights, but the third remains a nebulous concept that requires some contemplation and interpretation. What exactly has it meant to pursue happiness and how has that pursuit shaped the course of United States history since 1865?

This course considers these questions by interrogating the experiences, ideas, values, desires, and actions of various racial, ethnic, gender, age, class, and ability groups. In examining how Americans have defined, pursued, defended, and fought for happiness, we will necessarily also explore the limits, constraints, and challenges to that aim. Some of the topics covered in the course include: civil rights, feminism, labor, migration, consumerism, relationships, and popular culture.

Jennifer Robin Terry
110 Barrows
MonTuWed, 2–4:30 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 15578
Second 6 Week Session
C139C: Civil Rights and Social Movements in U.S. History

In their fights for justice and equality, civil rights and social movements have put  democratic practices and institutions in the United States to test. This course explores the long (chronological) and wide (geographic) civil rights movements of the South, the North, and the West Coast, tracing their multiracial, multiethnic, and multicultural aspects since the Second World War. How ​did ordinary people and grassroots activists aim to influence electoral processes, legislation, and court decisions? Readings and lectures will delve into the ​Black Freedom and Black Power struggles, Mexican American and Puerto Rican demands for rights, and Asian American and Native American efforts for equality. Paying particular attention to the Bay Area, ​we will study the dynamism of Counterculture, the Free Speech Movement, New Left Radicalism, antiwar protests, Environmentalism, and rebellions expressed in music. Appreciating the intersectionality of race, ethnic, and gender identities, we will explore the Women’s and Gay Liberation movements. Continuing into the late and early-twentieth centuries, the course situates social movements within the larger global contexts and traces the fierce opposition to civil rights and social equality that has coalesced around white nationalism, legal discrimination, and campaigns for law and order. Finally, we will consider the shifting roles and impact of technology and media on social movements within American democracy. 

Sandra Weathers Smith
108 Wheeler
MTWR, 12-2 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 16081
Second 6 Week Session
158C: Old and New Europe, 1914–Present

The twentieth century was the most devastating in the history of Europe. This course surveys the major developments that led to the wars and revolutions for which the century is famous. It stresses the supreme importance of the commanding actors on the political stage as the century unfolded--Lenin and Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler, Churchill and de Gaulle, Walesa and Thatcher and Gorbachev, and focuses on the differing approaches to European relations taken by American presidents from Wilson to George W. Bush. The course will seek to squeeze every ounce of drama out of the century's most famous -- and infamous -- events: Europe's last summer -- the incredible days of July 1914; the slaughter of World War I; the rise of Communism, Fascism, and Nazism; Munich; the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939; the decimation of World War II; the bombing of London and Dresden; the destruction of the European Jewry; the German invasion of Russia; D-Day, the suicide of Hitler, the origins and development of the Cold War; the fall of the Berlin Wall; the revolutions of 1989; the disintegration of the Soviet Union; the collapse of Yugoslavia; and the first and second Gulf wars. All this and more we will explore through books, documents and, not least, films and documentaries.

David Wetzel
88 Dwinelle
TuWTh, 2–4 p.m. | June 18–August 10
Class #: 16055
8 Week Session
160: The International Economy of the 20th Century

 This course counts toward requirements for the Economics major.

Development and crises of the advanced economies, with particular emphasis on trade relations with third world countries. Economic impact of war, business cycles, and social movements. This course is equivalent to Economics 115; students will not receive credit for both courses.

Andrej Milivojevic
155 Kroeber
MTuWTh, 2–4 p.m. | July 2–August 10
Class #: 15019
Second 6 Week Session

103 Courses

Asia
103F: The Sea in Modern Chinese History

Between the Opium War (1839-1842) and the opening of the 21stcentury China emerged to become a maritime power out of its historical past as a continental empire. How did this transformation come about? What is the significance of the maritime world in the making and remaking of late imperial and modern China? How does a focus on the sea inspire historians to rethink the nature of modern Chinese transformation? This seminar examines Chinese engagement with the sea and asks questions about how such engagement might have generated norms and alternatives to the institutions and practices of the land.Topics for discussion will include (but not be limited to) the following: maritime relationships under the tributary system, coastal economies of piracy and smuggling, maritime networks across East and Southeast Asia, Chinese cultural constructions of the South and the sea, intellectual remapping of the maritime space in the 19thcentury, state-building and the institutionalization of maritime governance,knowledge production about the sea, reconfigurations of China’s maritime strategies,Chinese engagement with an international discourse of maritime norms, and Chinese engagement with the Pacific and the trans-Pacific as arenas of activities.

Readings will include materials aboutChina, Asia, and the Pacific.

Wen-hsin Yeh
3205 Dwinelle
M 10-12
Class #: #
103F: Samurai and Soldiers: Violence in Japanese History

This course will survey the changing ideals and diverse realities of soldiers and violence in Japanese history. From the creation of the first national army in 645, to the rise, heyday, and fall of the samurai, the wars and empire of modern Japan, and the constitutional pacifism of the present, Japan has been home to one of the most peaceful societies on earth. Yet it experienced some of the most violent periods in world history. This course tracks the relationship between violence (and its absence) and the state, as well as the role of soldiers and armies in Japanese society. Was violence necessary to maintain the peace, or to affect political or social change? What were the consequences of warfare? Who were these soldiers and why did they fight? We will explore these questions across historical eras as well as shifts in combat, technology, and ideology. Readings will include a variety of contemporary accounts written about and by warriors, complemented by modern academic research. Students will be expected to engage these texts critically, and to develop their ability to think analytically and write argumentatively.

Christoffer Bovbjerg
3104 Dwinelle
W 10-12
Class #: #
Ancient
103A: Between History and Political Theory: The Roman Republic in Western Thought

As a political system that endured for nearly five hundred years, the Roman Republic has been the object of intense study by historians and political theorists alike. The results of these various inquiries have shaped not only subsequent scholarly perspectives on the subject but also political events as diverse as the drafting of the American constitution and the unification of the German nation state. Consequently, these inquiries, like the sources from which they were produced, must be placed in their respective historical contexts. This seminar surveys the legacy of the Roman Republic in western thought from antiquity to the present. Readings include selections from a wide variety of well known authors from the ancient world , the early modern period, and the late modern period , as well as a number of lesser, but nevertheless significant, figures. All readings are in translation. Due to its chronological breadth and the variety of readings, this seminar will appeal to students of several periods.

Christopher Blunda
3104 Dwinelle
M 10-12
Class #: #
Comparative
103U: The Holocaust in North Africa

While the Holocaust's center and worst atrocities occurred in Europe, the event had an immense impact as well on Jewish and non-Jewish populations far beyond the continent, especially in North Africa and its surrounding regions. Allied and Axis armies fought across North Africa for extensive portions of World War II. The area was eventually home to more than 100 wartime labor camps, in which Jews were often singled out for particularly harsh treatment. Jews in Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya faced severe restrictions on employment, property, and education comparable to those imposed in parts of Western Europe. In Algeria, all Jews were stripped of their French citizenship, and in small numbers helped lead an underground movement that played a critical role in the success of the November 1942 Allied Landing. After the war, the memory of fascism and the Holocaust played a major role in North African and Middle Eastern society, in debates over decolonization, the question of Israel-Palestine, and the broader future of Jewish-Muslim relations.

This course examines all of these aspects of the crucial importance of the Holocaust to North Africa and its surrounding areas. How, we will ask, might expanding the geographical boundaries of the Holocaust force us to rethink concepts like perpetrators, victims, and collaboration? What choices, challenges, and opportunities existed for Jews in Vichy, Italian, and Nazi-occupied North Africa that mirrored or diverged from those in Europe? We will also interrogate more broadly the significance, impact, and memory of the Holocaust in the Muslim world, as our readings take us well beyond North Africa into the Arab Middle East and even into Central Asia. Another fundamental question that we tackle from several angles is the complex relationship between colonialism and the Holocaust, both as historical phenomena and in the collective memories of various nations and groups.

Ethan Katz
3104 Dwinelle
Th 10-12
Class #: #
Europe
103B.001: Nazis and Anti-Nazis in the Third Reich

This seminar will focus on central actors for the rise of Nazism in Germany and will introduce contexts and historical developments in which the National Socialists abolished the civil rights of the 1920s in the Weimar Republic and created a political system of repression and violence against all those who did not share their fascist ideology or did not fit into their racist people’s community (Volksgemeinschaft). We will explore different notions and concepts of nonconformist behavior during the NS era such as resistance, protest, opposition, Eigensinn, civil courage, and Resistenz : The course will introduce different milieus, groups and individuals, their background, motifs and forms of agency. At the end of the seminar we will discuss those who resisted in the occupied territories and the minority of Germans in the resistance (who ultimately did not end the NS regime) and their relevance for German and European contemporary history.

Isabel Richter
2303 Dwinelle
M 2-4
Class #: #
103B.002: The Renaissance, 1340-1700

This seminar will focus on the long Renaissance in Europe with particular attention to historical literature that has been written in the past 25 years. We will be reading a wide selection of both articles and books that are representative of the different tasks and themes of Renaissance historians. This will allow us to map the shifting contours of the field as it has evolved over the past few decades with the goal of understanding the potential future of the Renaissance in the 21stcentury.

Thomas James Dandelet
3205 Dwinelle
W 2-4
Class #: #
103B.003: Soviet History Through Film and Fiction

We will treat the main themes of Soviet history by focusing on representative films and works of fiction, from canonical Civil War stories to cult movies about the crisis of the 1990s, by way of camp memoirs and World War II melodramas.

Yuri Slezkine
3104 Dwinelle
W 3-5
Class #: #
103B.004: Faith and Profit in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean: 300-1600

"In the name of God and good profit.” For the 14th century Italian merchant Francesco Datini, faith and profit were two complementary, not conflicting, aims of life. He was far from alone in his thinking, though not unchallenged. Across many historical societies, there have been tensions between the demands of economic and religious life. Who can I marry, what may I sell, what should I do with money, and how shall I interact with strangers? These questions can become especially acute when representatives of two competing belief systems interact with each other. The history of the Mediterranean provides numerous rich examples of societies and individuals facing these questions. In this class, we will examine two crucial aspects of historical development in the pre-modern Mediterranean (from late Antiquity to the sixteenth century): the role of religion and of economic exchange in creating and defining a wide range of communities and cultures. In particular, students will analyze the spread and influence of the major Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) and will compare how the adherents of these faiths viewed themselves and each other. We will read the normative literature - how religious scholars thought their co-religionists should behave towards each other – and compare it with evidence for how people actually lived and interacted with each other in daily life. We will look at how a range of pre-modern Mediterranean societies accommodated or rejected religious pluralism, and will examine the ways in which religious norms influenced economic behavior and vice versa. A glimpse at today’s headlines reminds us that these are far from settled questions, but a deeper understanding of how past societies responded to them will serve us well as citizens in a twenty-first century where religion and trade still divide and unite us.

Joel S Pattison
3205 Dwinelle
W 10-12
Class #: #
103B.005: The European Economy between the Great War and the Great Recession :Paths to Prosperity from Laissez-Faire Capitalism to Neoliberalism

During the twentieth century, a dizzying variety of economic regimes emerged across Europe. The First World War ushered radical communist and fascist solutions for achieving modern economic growth as the classic liberal model, based on international trade and the gold standard lost legitimacy. The Superpowers directed the reconstruction of their respective spheres of influence after the Second World War, giving rise to the welfare states across Western and Northern Europe and transforming Eastern and Southern Europe into urbanized industrial societies. During the 1970s, institutions and policies promulgated during the Great Depression, and economic planning in general, rapidly lost legitimacy across Europe. During the 1980s, Margaret Thatcher epitomized a renewed political commitment to market-based solutions, a commitment that also informed privatization schemes across Eastern Europe in the 1990s. Yet, by the end of the century, the European Union appeared a success story of coordinated capitalism, and not of the invisible hand, while the Great Recession raises serious questions about the Euro’s demise and the efficacy of austerity and stimulus spending alike.

In this reading seminar, we will examine the main economic regimes across Europe, and try to understand their successive attempts to achieve, or to maintain, what has proven to be singularly elusive prosperity. In the relentless, often violent, search for sustained economic growth thought be necessary for increasing living standards, how did different regimes see the proper role of the market and the state, of the collectivity (family, class, etc.) and the individual, and how did regimes decide on how much redistribution, and of what, should take place? To trace continuity and change among economic regimes, we will examine recent synthetic historical writing about the European economy as well as country-specific and thematic studies.

Andrej Milivojevic
3205 Dwinelle
W 12-2
Class #: #
Latin America
103E: The Latin American Cold War

When did the Latin American Cold War begin and end? Is the label “Cold War” even appropriate for a “hot” era of violent revolution and counterrevolution in Latin America? Using these questions as entry points, we examine recent scholarship on the origins, struggles, and legacies of the Latin American Cold War. Weekly readings include primary and secondary sources, as well as music, memoir, and film. Through diverse media, we analyze how the politics of daily life in twentieth-century Latin America at times intersected with, and at other times disregarded, geopolitical contests over communism and anticommunism.

We move forward chronologically to examine connections between the Mexican and Russian Revolutions in the 1910s, communism and labor movements in the 1920s and 1930s, Latin American antifascism during World War II, revolution and counterrevolution in the 1950s through the 1980s, and ongoing memory struggles (and violence) in the 1980s through the present. Assigned texts cover case studies from Mexico, El Salvador, Panama, Peru, Guatemala, Cuba, Colombia, Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil. Throughout, we think broadly about how to write political histories about hegemony, violence, revolution, counterrevolution, and memory in twentieth-century Latin America. We also weigh in on debates about the Latin American Cold War as a construct that informs understandings of the region’s past and present.

Elizabeth Schwall
3205 Dwinelle
T 2-4
Class #: #
Science
103S: Science and Fascism: State, Expertise and Techno-Politics in Interwar Europe and the Two World Wars (1914-1945)

In 1942, the American sociologist Robert Merton described modern science as a democratic enterprise, whose ethical norms were universalism, communalism, disinterestedness, and organized skepticism. Merton’s notion that science produces truthful and factual knowledge if inspired by democratic values contrasted starkly with the reality of the interwar period and World War II, at the peak of the clash between liberal democracies and fascist dictatorships. What was the role of science in the global conflict between liberalism and the fascist ‘New Order’? What did science and technology look like under fascism?

Centered on the concept of techno-politics, this class examines the relationship between science, state, and political projects of interwar authoritarian dictatorships, such as Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Franco’s Spain, and Salazar’s Portugal. During the Great War (1914-1918), science and technology were enlisted as critical assets for the war effort and the international scientific community was shattered across national lines. In the mind of political leaders such as Mussolini and Hitler, the Great War proved the importance of the scientific organization of society and state-controlled scientific advancement in order to achieve Fascism’s nationalist and imperialist goal: the creation of a new world order.

The course explores how the entanglement between science, technology and fascism shaped a wide range of disciplines, such as physics, medicine, eugenics, statistics, demography, agronomy, and engineering. Focusing in particular on fascism’s central themes of race and empire, the course examines the relationship between state power and scientific expertise, the persecution of Jewish scientists in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and scientists’ critical competition in World War II ahead of the creation of the atomic bomb, which ushered in the new era of the Cold War.

Angelo Caglioti
3104 Dwinelle
Th 2-4
Class #: #
United States
103D.001: America and the World in 1968

Fifty years later, the flashpoints and transformations of 1968 continue to captivate historians. For the United States and much of the world, the year was defined by political, social, and cultural upheaval. This seminar will ponder the major events, themes, and trends that many scholars see as evidence of a revolutionary moment. Assigned readings with be divided between sources grounded in the United States and material on other places like Saigon, Paris, Prague, and Mexico City. Discussion will embark on a deep exploration into this pivotal time for American history and pursue the intellectual and institutional threads that connected people across national boundaries. The class aspires to breadth and granularity, empirical understanding and theoretical contemplation. Video and music will complement primary and secondary source readings.

Writing assignments will be an opportunity to produce historiographical critique, a synthetic analytical argument, or original research. Students can choose to write about 1968 in the context of other years and to focus on domestic or transnational subjects.

Anthony Gregory
3104 Dwinelle
M12-2
Class #: #
103D.002: Age in America

This course uses age as a category of analysis through which to examine United States history from the colonial period through the twentieth-first century. It challenges students to consider age, not as a series of immutable milestones, but as a historically constructed social, cultural, and legal signifier whose meaning has shifted over time. Some of the significant questions this course will address are: How and why have Americans celebrated specific chronological ages? How has the American legal system influenced the setting of certain age milestones? And how do varying values and perspectives influence the perception of childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle age, and the elderly stage? Students will also consider how age has been used to limit rights, opportunities, and citizenship, and will contemplate how issues of race, gender, and class might complicate how one experiences aging in America. Among others, topics will include: life stages, age of consent laws, suffrage, military service, marriage, age grading, labor laws, and retirement.

Jennifer Robin Terry is a social and cultural historian of United States history. Her research focuses primarily on the intersection of childhood, labor, law, and culture in the twentieth-century. She is currently working on two projects. One examines the ways that culture has influenced agricultural child labor law and practice. The other considers child actors as a class of laborers and interrogates the tension between the rights of children and that of their parents.

Jennifer Robin Terry
3104 Dwinelle
M 2-4
Class #: #
103D.003: "The Personal Is Political”: U.S. Social History after World War II

"The personal is political” declared feminists in the 1960s. They viewed marriage, career, and family as personal choices constrained by political policies. African Americans also sought personal freedoms, such as public access to restaurants, hotels, and schools, which similarly ignited political firestorms. Many other groups, such as Latinos, Native Americans, and gays also recognized the personal as political in the post-War II years. And in many cases, individuals and groups overlapped, sometimes with conflicting claims! Meanwhile, more empowered individuals and groups reacted to these new personal claims with claims of their own, all of which shook political ideologies and reconfigured political alignments. In this course, through an analysis of primary and secondary sources, we will consider the following questions: Why did the personal and the political intersect so strongly at this time? How did the claims and methods of one group influence other groups? How can understanding the combustion of the personal and the political help us understand our own time of Black Lives Matter, Me Too, and Make America Great Again?

Daniel M Robert
3104 Dwinelle
F 10-12
Class #: #
103D.004: Making a Modern African American Liberation Struggle: From Civil Rights to Black Power and Beyond

The African American Liberation Struggle, broadly conceived, is the enduring, multi-faceted, and complex freedom struggle waged by Africans in the Americas from the period of enslavement down to the present. Our focus will be a narrow and specific location and time within that broad and centuries-long liberation/freedom struggle: the US from 1940 to 1980. Commonly referred to as the Civil Rights (1940-1966) and Black Power (1966-1980) Eras, the modern African American Freedom Struggle has yielded a rich and stimulating body of work, including works of culture and history. We will critically examine some of the best of that work in an effort to better understand the origins, development, meanings, and consequences of the modern African American Liberation Struggle, or the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement in particular. We will also give special attention to “The Music”: the connection between African American music and the African American Freedom Struggle. At the end, we will critically examine a few works on the more “recent” period in an effort to better understand key continuities and discontinuities earmarking the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement, on one hand, and the “Post”-Civil Rights— “Post”-Black Power Movement of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, on the other.

Waldo E. Martin
3104 Dwinelle
T 4-6
Class #: #
103D.005: Building the Twentieth-Century American State

How can we make sense of the rise of the modern American state in the twentieth century? As a series of battles over electoral politics and the rules governing access to participation and representation in the polity? As a history of the evolving role and powers of the state – especially the federal government – in the American political economy? Or as a history of changing rights and legal systems that Americans have fought for, encountered, and contested both in court and the court of popular opinion? In this seminar, students will read from each of these approaches and investigate how they overlap to explore the history of major transformations in twentieth-century American governance.

Throughout the semester, we will read monographs in the fields of policy history, legal history, and American political development. We will also examine articles in allied fields – such as law, political science, and sociology – to explore developments in the twentieth-century U.S. state and to understand the many different methodologies and sources that can be employed to study the topic. Students will write two papers in the class. The first (short) paper contextualizes the debates and methodologies of one work of scholarship. For the second paper, students have the option of developing a historiographic synthesis, a stand-alone research paper, or a prospectus for a forthcoming 101 thesis project.

Brendan Shanahan
3104 Dwinelle
Th 4-6
Class #: #
103D.006: American Values: Regulating Morality in the United States

Morality” is a devilishly flexible rhetoric, a language invoked to tell people how to act and how to be good, or, conversely, to criticize and to shame. This course uses morality as a lens through which to understand and assess twentieth-century American history. It examines how state and non-state actors have attempted to regulate the lived experiences of Americans and explores the conflicts that ensue over what, exactly, is correct, right, or good for individuals, society, and the state. What are "American values"? Are they religious? How have they changed? Is it possible to hew to moral frames and remain inclusive and tolerant? What role does morality play as a foil for religion in American life—in other words, in a nation that constitutionally separates religion and state, is morality religion by any other name or something else altogether?

The class moves chronologically through twentieth-century America, taking on different tensions each week. It is not comprehensive, but offers a chance to dive into particular moments of moral friction, opprobrium, and anxiety. Topics may include the family, immigration, Prohibition, sex, incarceration, war, disease, and money.

Ronit Stahl
3205 Dwinelle
Th 12-2
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Middle East
103M: Comparative Middle East Education in the Global Age of Empire

Education is simultaneously an agent of change and a repository of values, revealing a great deal about the belief systems operating in a given society, as well as the shifting constellation of social and political interests at a given time. This course examines the history of “modern” education in the Middle East and North Africa, from the Napoleonic conquest of Egypt in 1798 through the end of World War II, in relation to issues of women and gender, religion, class, state-building, and nationalism.

How do developments in education in the Middle East compare to the evolution of education more globally in the age of colonial empire? To answer this question, we will examine developments in technical higher education in contexts of colonialism as well as defensive modernization, debates over the education of women and the implementation of universal primary education, how Western models of education were both imposed, but also actively taken and refashioned in the region, and how these non-religious modes of education interacted with their counterpart traditional religious institutions. Case studies include examples from the Ottoman Empire, Algeria, Egypt, mandate Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine, Iran, and Iraq, with comparative global examples from France and Great Britain, India, China, Russia, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Archana Prakash
3205 Dwinelle
T 12-2
Class #: #