The Emergence of Modern Jerusalem, 1850-1950

HISTORY 103F.006

Fall 2015
129 Barrows
Day & Time: 
W 4-6P
To date, the vast majority of research on late Ottoman and Mandatory Palestine tends to focus on the city of Jerusalem. This holy city, which has great religious and symbolic importance to all three monotheistic religions, was the focus of international attention in the 19th century. Its rising importance found expression in the city’s rule as a regional capital: In 1872 it became the capital of the independent province of Jerusalem which was governed directly from Istanbul and controlled all the southern and central parts of Ottoman Palestine. During the British period, all of mandatory Palestine was governed from Jerusalem. In 1948 when the British left, the city was divided between the newly-created state of Israel and Jordan and became the former’s capital, which even today has not been recognized by the world. The course discusses inter-faith relationships in Jerusalem during the late-Ottoman and Mandatory periods as influenced by major political and social developments in the region such as the Ottoman reforms, growing European involvement, the beginning of Zionist activity, WWI, the end of Ottoman rule and the beginning of the British Mandate, the Arab Revolt, World War II, and the establishment of the State of Israel. The course also compares the development of Jerusalem to the situation of other major cities in the Levant at the time, both coastal and inner-land, such as Beirut, Damascus, and Jaffa.