Inequalities in the Americas (Proseminar in Latin American History)

History 103E.002

Fall 2016
225 Dwinelle
Day & Time: 
Tu 4-6P

A common theme since the late nineteenth century has been the persistence of inequalities. Across the globe, workers, women, peasants, racial and religious minorities, governments, and so forth, wrestled with various forms of inequality. How did these different social actors address them? Were the grievances of workers in, say, Buenos Aires and Mexico City comparable to those in Chicago or Manchester? Was being black different in Brazil, Cuba, or the U.S. during the 1950s? Were some governments more successful at redressing inequalities than others? If so, why? This seminar explores several manifestations of inequalities, including economic, political, gender, and racial, during the twentieth century. The course is designed to have students think about inequalities comparatively by drawing on case studies from Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, and Mexico) and other parts of the world. In addition, we will read from a range of texts by historians, sociologists, economists, as well as primary sources. Students will be encouraged to consider how these issues transcended national borders and how certain inequalities (e.g. economic) cannot be understood in isolation from others (gender or racial).

David Tamayo is a PhD candidate in Latin American History interested in the history of the middle classes, social movements, and right-wing politics during the twentieth century. He is writing a dissertation that studies the role that US-transnational voluntary associations, such as the Lions, Rotary, and other service clubs, had in organizing and politicizing the Mexican middle classes from the 1920s to the 1970s.

Course Books

The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America by Goodwyn, Lawrence Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195024166 Required
Blacks and Whites in São Paulo, Brazil by Andrews, George Reid University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN: 978-0299131043 Required
Resistance and Integration: Peronism and the Argentine Working Class by James, Daniel Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521466820 Required
A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth ­century Cuba by de la Fuente, Alejandro University of North Carolina Press. ISBN: 978-0-8078-4922-4 Required
The End of Reform: New Deal liberalism in Recession and War by Brinkley, Alan Vintage. ISBN: 978-0679753148 Required
Weavers of Revolution: the Yarur Workers and Chile's Road to Socialism, by Winn, Peter Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0195045581 Required
Supercapitalism: the Transformation of Business, Democracy, and Everyday Life by Reich, Robert Vintage. ISBN: 978-0307277992 Required
When Affirmative Action was White: an Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth ­century America by Katznelson, Ira W.W. Norton. ISBN: 978-0393328516 Required
The Mexican Revolution by Gilly, Adolfo W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN: 978-0860910565 Required
Suburban Warriors: the Origins of the New American Right by McGirr, Lisa Princeton University Press. ISBN: 978-0691165738 Required
Dictatorship in South America by Dávila, Jerry Wiley­Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1405190558 Required