Until the end of the Second World War, European colonial empires came to encompass almost all of Africa and Asia. Britain and France ruled the largest of those empires. One of the drivers of colonization was a regular outflow of people from Europe. From 1945, European empires collapsed. In parallel, the migration flows from Europe to Africa and Asia have been replaced by migration flows in the opposite direction. First came European settlers, such as French settlers in Algeria, one million of whom migrated to France in 1961-1963. African and Asian populations, looking for opportunities in the former metropoles, followed them. In this seminar, we will explore recent books dealing with those postcolonial migration flows. The British and French cases will be the subject of most readings. We will investigate how various immigrant groups interacted once arrived in Europe. We will review why they managed or failed to integrate in destination countries. We will try to understand anti-immigration feelings, along with violent episodes, such as riots, surrounding those groups. We will describe the experiences of immigrants through the sociology of Abdelmalek Sayad and the masterpiece La Haine (Hate). We will complete our reflections with a review of immigration policies, along with an analysis of the anti-immigrant French party Front National.
Emmanuel Comte is a Visiting Lecturer in the Department of History.