"Condemned to Rootlessness and Unable to Budge:" Roma, Migration Panics, and Internment in Late Imperial Austria
A Talk by Tara Zahra, Professor of East European History, The University of Chicago
"Throughout the twentieth century, states and international organizations repeatedly turned toward camps—refugee camps, internment camps, and concentration camps—in response to the perceived problem of disruptively mobile, unwanted, or stateless populations. In the years leading up to the First World War in the Habsburg Empire, a chorus of voices began to call for the forcible internment of individuals labeled “Gypsies.” This talk examines how and why internment came to be seen as a promising “solution” to the so-called “Gypsy problem” in Habsburg Central Europe. This history in turn sheds light on the origins of statelessness and the dynamics of migration panics more broadly in twentieth century Europe."