Europe

167C Spring 2014 Germany 1914 to the Present

This course will explore Germany’s tumultuous history from 1914 to the sudden unification of the two Germanys in 1990. This period was marked by two of the largest and bloodiest conflicts ever seen by mankind, the First and the Second World War, the rise of extreme ideologies, the Cold War, and the fall of the Iron Curtain. Against the background of these developments we will focus on continuities and ruptures in German society during the Weimar Republic, National Socialism, the competing Republics, and the (unified) Federal Republic of Germany.

178 Spring 2014 History of the Holocaust

This course will survey the historical events and intellectual developments leading up to and surrounding the destruction of European Jewry during World War II.  By reading a mixture of primary and secondary sources we will examine the Shoah (the Hebrew word for the Holocaust) against the backdrop of modern Jewish and modern German history.  The course is divided into two main parts: (1) the historical background up to 1933; and (2) the destruction of European Jewry, 1933-1945.

174A Spring 2014 A History of Poland-Lithuania

This course will focus on the development of identities within the constantly shifting borders of Polish-Lithuanian and Polish states.  Among the topics:  competing definitions—ethnic, confessional, linguistic, political—of Polishness; continuities and discontinuities in Polish history and historiography; Poland between East and West; the development of Polish self-perceptions; Jewish, Lithuanian, and Ukrainian identities in the Polish context; the Polish chapter in the events leading to the end of Communist hegemony in Eastern Europe.  Readings will be drawn from

168A Spring 2014 The Spanish and Portuguese Empires in the Golden Age: 1450-1700

This course will focus on the rise and development of early modern Europe's most powerful empires. Rising from the unlikely setting of a weak and fragmented Iberian peninsula in the fifteenth century, the Spanish and Portuguese Empires went on to become the world's first truly global powers. As such, they had a tremendous impact on the political, economic, cultural, and religious life of not only Iberia, but on significant parts of Europe and the New World. These were the empires of Henry the Navigator, Cervantes, Quevedo, Velasquez, and Vittoria.

164C Spring 2014 European Intellectual History 1870 to the Present

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Europeans developed radically new ways of thinking about the challenges presented by a rapidly modernizing, industrializing, and urbanizing society. The questions they raised, and the answers they developed, have had a profound influence on the way people have conceived of modern life ever since, and provide a crucial starting point for further inquiry in the humanities and social sciences.

164A Spring 2014 European Intellectual History from Renaissance to Enlightenment

Between 1500 and 1800, European thought helped to build the foundations of modern culture, politics, economy, government, law, and religion. This course will introduce students to this transformative period in intellectual history. It will showcase the interactions of ideas and their wider cultural contexts. Its content will range from the Renaissance rediscovery of antiquity to the Scientific Revolution, from the theological innovation of the Reformation to the new forms of political theory that accompanied both French and American Revolutions.

162B Spring 2014 War and Peace: International Relations since 1914

The bulk of the period this course surveys—namely, twentieth century-- was the most devastating in the history of humankind. The course examines the major developments that led to the wars and revolutions for which that century is famous. It stresses the supreme importance of the commanding actors on the political stage as the century unfolded--Lenin and Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler, Churchill and de Gaulle, Walesa and Thatcher and Gorbachev.

103B.004 Spring 2014 From War to Peace: Europe in the 1940s

This reading seminar will explore the mid-1940s as a watershed moment in European history. Within only a few years the descent into war and genocide was followed by the return to a stable and, in comparison to prewar Europe, fundamentally different social and political order. The starting point was in 1942-43: German mass killing policies in occupied Europe reached their zenith, Nazi Germany’s defeat became a certainty, and the Allies began to impose their vision for a postwar order.

101.011 Spring 2014 Global Encounters: The Twentieth-Century World

This 101 is for students who want to write a thesis on some aspect of twentieth-century global history, in the very broad sense of interactions and encounters across national boundaries and borders. Possible research topic areas would include: imperialism and colonial situations, decolonization and anti-colonial movements, World Wars and the Cold War, post-colonial development projects, migration and diasporas, international organizations and movements, transnational intellectual exchanges, and cross-cultural encounters of any kind. 
 

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