Europe

103B.004 Spring 2008 The First World War: Understanding the Twentieth Century

On August 3, 1914, the British Foreign Secretary, Edward Grey, issued a famous warning that was echoed across Europe: ";The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."; Indeed, historians have suggested that the Great War was the ";seminal catastrophe,"; the crucible of twentieth-century Europe.

103B.006 Spring 2008 Spain from 1808-Present: Politics, War and Fascism in Modern Europe

Spain is a nation of contradictions. From the most powerful state in Europe in 1600, a series of military defeats and political stagnation saw the Spanish Empire collapse and Spain itself sink into despair by 1800. Political upheavals and flirtations with representative government in the 19th century gave way to civil war and dictatorship in the 20th.

101.012 Spring 2008 The Pen is Mightier than the Sword: Histories of Communication, Culture, and Society in and out of Europe

A sword can kill someone. A pen can do more: it can make someone immortal. Conversely, a pen can also make someone or something disappear altogether. This is because ";pens"; write history. This seminar therefore begins with the cliche that ";the pen is mightier than the sword"; and seeks to make the most of it. To do that, we will be looking at the close relationship in European history between communication, culture, and society. We will study how these interrelationships make history.

101.007 Spring 2008 Revolting Peasants? Protest, Riot, and Rebellion in Europe c.1350-1800

It is an old joke among historians that the peasants are ";revolting,"; but in fact ordinary people throughout history engaged in complex political negotiations with their rulers, often protesting against unfair policies and occasionally taking up arms in open rebellion.

101.014 Spring 2008 Popular Culture and War in the 20th Century

This research seminar examines the relationship between war and society through the lens of popular culture, as expressed through sources such as cartoons, comic books, feature films, radio plays, songs, and advertisements. How did these sources represent the challenges of everyday life or the tension between the war front and the home front? How did this ";unofficial media"; either reinforce or counteract official government propaganda, such as posters, newsreels, and radio editorials?

101.009 Spring 2008 The "I" and the others from Descartes to Nietzsche

The ";I"; as addressee of divine revelation, seat of reason and detainee of rights was one of the most influential social constructions of modern Europe. In the aftermath of Descartes, the autonomous subject which had been strengthened in the course of the Renaissance and the Reformation, became the ultimate authority of modernity. As source of law, producer of wealth, object of philosophy and topic of literature, the ";I"; became the prime mover of cultural and social change in the Age of Enlightenment and Revolution.

101.013 Spring 2008 Immigrants and Immigration in Modern Europe, 1750-Present

This course explores the social, political, and cultural history of migration and immigrant communities in Modern Europe, defined as 1750 to the present. While the recent ";explosion"; of immigration to Europe since the 1960s has dramatically altered the face of Europe, long-term migrants have been a constant feature of the European landscape for hundreds of years. How have immigrant communities affected or altered the history of national or transnational Europe?

158C Summer 2007 Europe 1914 to Present

The twentieth century was the most devastating in the history of Europe. This course surveys the major developments that led to the wars and revolutions for which the century is famous. It stresses the supreme importance of the commanding actors on the political stage as the century unfolded--Lenin and Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler, Churchill and de Gaulle, Walesa and Thatcher and Gorbachev, and focuses on the differing approaches to European relations taken by American presidents from Wilson to George W. Bush.

5 Summer 2007 Europe since the Renaissance: History through Art

This introductory course presents an overview of European history from the Renaissance to the end of the Cold War. Providing an eyewitness background for major developments and key events, this course uses artwork of the great masters to help tell the historical story. Unlike traditional history classes that tend to rely exclusively on written texts, here many of our primary sources will be visual in nature: paintings, sculpture and architecture.

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