Europe

280B.007 Fall 2007 From Empire to Nation-State: The Ottoman-Turkish Transition

As its title indicates, this seminar will explore the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the modern Turkish state. The readings dwell upon the period stretching from the 1890s to the 1930s, although some of them also deal with earlier and later periods. Most of our readings are not confined to the treatment of any particular area of the Empire, but a few of them concentrate on interethnic relations and minorities in the geographic area of modern Turkey. The seminar emphasizes political and cultural history, even though other types of historiography are not neglected.

280B.001 Fall 2007 Cultural Histories of Modern Europe

The seminar will examine a number of works focusing on the burgeoning field of cultural history in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe. We will read selected works on the new muses of photography, film and the radio, on painting and public art, on literacy, urban life, on domesticity and domestic display, on eating and drinking, on consumerism and advertising, on the ";revolution of the senses,"; on leisure and sports, and on the cultures of war and peacetime in the twentieth century. Our geographical focus will be trained upon France, Great Britain, Germany and Italy.

280B.008 Fall 2007 Religion and Political Cultures in Early Modern Europe

This graduate seminar will examine religion and political cultures in early modern Europe, including the late medieval background, political theology, the religious controversy over Martin Luther, political iconography and propaganda, and the comparison of western and central European states, court ceremony, etc. Sources in English translation, but reading in other European languages for those willing and able.

280B.006 Fall 2007 280B.006 Fall 2007

The landmarks of Soviet historiography from Leon Trotsky to the latest academic fad, in loose chronological order. Weekly book reviews, no papers.

285B.001 Fall 2007 Topics in Twentieth Century International History

This seminar is intended for those who wish to research an archival-based project (30-40 pages) on an aspect of twentieth century international history, especially since 1945. International history covers inter-state relations, transnational influences and movements and international organizations.

280B.002 Fall 2007 TOPICS IN INTERDISCIPLINARY ITALIAN STUDIES: Literary Fascism? Italy and France from the 'fin-de-siâˆ_©cle' to the Holocaust

How did Fascism develop to become a European-wide phenomenon? What were its diverse national origins and characteristics? What cultural, ideological and intellectual tendencies contributed to its development and experience? Can more or less radical forms of Fascism be identified, particularly when compared to Nazism?

275B.001 Fall 2007 275B.001 Fall 2007

This seminar provides an introduction to some of the major issues of Europe's ";long 19th century";: the impact of the French Revolution; the intellectual and psychological origins of socialism; religious developments and ";modernist, secularist"; responses; imperialism/empire; the crisis of the liberal state and of the international system. Woven through most of these topics, however, is the story of the changing ways Europeans were defining community--as class, as confession, and especially as nation, an identity whose dominance in the 19th century we will not take for granted.

275B.002 Fall 2007 275B.002 Fall 2007

An introduction to the historiography of medieval Europe, emphasizing breadth of coverage and targeted to basic frames of knowledge. Readings include works on early and later medieval Christianity, Christianization, monasticism, and heresy; social and economic history; political and institutional history (Merovingians, Carolingians, France, England); literacy and popular culture. Special attention is also paid to the way to read books and take notes productively.

275B.001 Spring 2007 275B.001 Spring 2007

History 275B is a graduate readings seminar that will cover the history and historiography of Europe in the twentieth century. Starting with general overviews of the period, we will cover topics including the Belle Epoque, the two world wars, fascism, Nazism, and the Holocaust, the Cold War, decolonization, the rise of consumer society, postcolonial Europe, and the collapse of the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe.

280B.001 Spring 2007 Early Modern/East Central European History

The course will examine topics in the history of early modern (East) Central Europe. The main areas of interest will be the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Czech lands, and the Holy Roman Empire. The topics will include: confessional and national identities, ecumenism, white magic and Rosicrucianism, witchcraft, Jews and Poles, Cossacks and religion, and the cities. We will read one book or collection of articles each week. Participants will be responsible for discussion and a 2- or 3-page response to the readings each week.

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