Europe

280B.002 Fall 2007 TOPICS IN INTERDISCIPLINARY ITALIAN STUDIES: Literary Fascism? Italy and France from the 'fin-de-siâˆ_©cle' to the Holocaust

How did Fascism develop to become a European-wide phenomenon? What were its diverse national origins and characteristics? What cultural, ideological and intellectual tendencies contributed to its development and experience? Can more or less radical forms of Fascism be identified, particularly when compared to Nazism?

275B.001 Fall 2007 275B.001 Fall 2007

This seminar provides an introduction to some of the major issues of Europe's ";long 19th century";: the impact of the French Revolution; the intellectual and psychological origins of socialism; religious developments and ";modernist, secularist"; responses; imperialism/empire; the crisis of the liberal state and of the international system. Woven through most of these topics, however, is the story of the changing ways Europeans were defining community--as class, as confession, and especially as nation, an identity whose dominance in the 19th century we will not take for granted.

275B.002 Fall 2007 275B.002 Fall 2007

An introduction to the historiography of medieval Europe, emphasizing breadth of coverage and targeted to basic frames of knowledge. Readings include works on early and later medieval Christianity, Christianization, monasticism, and heresy; social and economic history; political and institutional history (Merovingians, Carolingians, France, England); literacy and popular culture. Special attention is also paid to the way to read books and take notes productively.

275B.001 Spring 2007 275B.001 Spring 2007

History 275B is a graduate readings seminar that will cover the history and historiography of Europe in the twentieth century. Starting with general overviews of the period, we will cover topics including the Belle Epoque, the two world wars, fascism, Nazism, and the Holocaust, the Cold War, decolonization, the rise of consumer society, postcolonial Europe, and the collapse of the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe.

280B.001 Spring 2007 Early Modern/East Central European History

The course will examine topics in the history of early modern (East) Central Europe. The main areas of interest will be the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Czech lands, and the Holy Roman Empire. The topics will include: confessional and national identities, ecumenism, white magic and Rosicrucianism, witchcraft, Jews and Poles, Cossacks and religion, and the cities. We will read one book or collection of articles each week. Participants will be responsible for discussion and a 2- or 3-page response to the readings each week.

280B.006 Spring 2007 Problems and Topics in Revolutionary France: 1750-1850

Traditionally, the French Revolution has been studied as the last chapter in the history of the ";Old Regime."; Since 1989 all this has changed. Recent historiography has given shape to a new unit of French history, ";revolutionary France,"; spanning roughly from the Enlightenment through the Revolution of 1848. The purpose of this course is to give students an opportunity to develop foundational knowledge of this most turbulent of periods in French history.

280B.008 Spring 2007 The Holy Roman Empire

An introduction to the Holy Roman Empire during the 15th to 18th centuries: physical, social, and political geography; Imperial, ecclesiastical, territorial, urban, and rural institutions; main lines of historical development from the late medieval depression to the French Revolution; major interpretations; the pre-history of modern Germany. This is a reading and discussion course (4 credits). Participants may enroll for Directed Readings (Hist 299) for P/NP credit (no paper) or for Old Empire (Hist 280B) for letter grade (paper required).

280B.005 Fall 2007 How to get from Modern Science to Modern Politics: Science, Enlightenment Culture and Politics in 18th Century France and Germany

The idea that the progress of the new sciences which emerged from the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century would eventually lead to the substitution of premodern, confession-based politics by modern, science-based political systems was a central element of Enlightenment philosophy and, thanks to permanent revisions, remained at the core of political and historiographical modernism throughout the 19th and 20th century.

280B.004 Fall 2007 Luther and his Enemies

From the beginning, Martin Luther was convinced that his reform movement was threatened by many enemies who were determined to destroy him: first and foremost he feared the pope and the devil; then religious fanatics, Anabaptists and rebellious peasants; also rival reformers like Zwingli and rival humanists like Erasmus; and last not least the Turks, the Jews and to the very end the pope as Antichrist.

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