Europe

285B.001 Fall 2005 Topics in the History of Twentieth Century Europe

I am best equipped to guide research in political, social, economic, and diplomatic history. Participants will be asked to produce a 35-40 page paper based on original research. The projects chosen and structure of the seminar will depend on the interests of the students, and they should consult with me by e-mail or in my office hours about what they might like to do.

167C Fall 2005 Germany in the 20th Century

The story of Germany in the twentieth century is a dramatic one, comprising two world wars, genocide, Allied occupation, a division into two states on opposing sides of the Cold War, and most recently an unexpected unification. This course aims at a systematic account of German history in the 20th century, surveying the political, social, cultural and economic developments.

5 Fall 2005 European History

This introductory course provides essential background to an understanding of Europe today by surveying the elements of its past that went into its making. We begin, roughly, with the ";Closing"; of Europe to the Islamic world after the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. We end with Europe's Re-opening, in the late 20th and early 21st century, symbolized, in part, the Balkan conflict in the 1990s.

101.008 Fall 2005 War, Revolution, and Memory in Twentieth-Century Europe and Russia

From the two world wars to the revolutions that toppled communist regimes, the people of 20th-century Europe and Russia were more likely than not to find political and social upheaval somewhere on their continent. Genocide, ethnic cleansing, and terror spawned violence on an unprecedented scale, but change could also come with less blood, as in the revolutions of 1968 and 1989/91.

103B(R.002 Fall 2005 Jerusalem and Crusading in the Medieval West

The words "Jerusalem" and "crusade" conjure up many images, not least of which may be Ridley Scott's recent box-office flop, "Kingdom of Heaven." But because crusading in the medieval West lasted for well over 200 years, directed against Muslims, heretics, and even other Christians, the movement cannot be boiled down to just 2 hours. Saladin, the Templars, and Richard the Lion-Heart are indeed a part of this history, but still only a part. The bigger picture is much more complex.

103B.005 Fall 2005 Gender and Nationalism in Modern Europe

Why are men expected to die for their nation? This seminar will explore gendered approaches to
the subject of nationalism in Europe beginning with the French Revolution through the end of the
twentieth century. Both nationalism and the meanings assigned to gender differences are
historically specific forms. Historians have begun to trace the role of gender ideologies as one of the dynamics in the origins of European nationalisms. In the European context, the rise of modern nationalism shaped new and enduring ideals of normative masculinities and femininities.

101.002 Fall 2005 Palace Culture and Material Culture in Renaissance and Baroque Europe

This course will explore the complex social, political, and cultural world of European palace life in the Renaissance and Baroque period (1400-1700). The emphasis of the readings will be on Italy, Spain, and France but students with interests in other parts of Europe or the Mediterranean world are also welcome. We will be paying particular attention to the palaces as centers of political theater, urbanism, noble patronage, social and intellectual formation, and the production of material culture. The seminar will be treated very much as a workshop.

103B.003 Fall 2005 Empires: The European Struggle for Global Supremacy in the Early Modern Period

Global military empires are nothing new. Stretching back to Alexander the Great and beyond, the Western world has seen a succession of land- and sea-based empires that spanned much of the Old World. The United States in the twenty-first century is only the latest in a series of European-based global empires founded even before Columbus sailed the ocean blue. Beginning with the Portuguese and Prince Henry the Navigator, Europeans of the Early Modern period (ca. 1400-1800) sailed their ships to far-flung regions of the Earth, conquering peoples and exploiting continents as they went.

101.007 Fall 2005 Fascism

What was, or is, fascism? Despite, or perhaps because of, the number of different responses to this seemingly simple question, fascism remains in the words of one scholar "the great conundrum for students of the twentieth century," and likely the most overused and least understood political term in modern history. Though most often associated with the dictatorial regimes of Mussolini's Italy and (somewhat problematically) Hitler's Germany, fascism aroused intellectual interest and mass political support in several Western countries.

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