B.A., University of California, Berkeley
Ph.D., Columbia University
North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961; Phoenix Paperback Edition, 1965).
Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery(New York: Knopf, 1979; Vintage Paperback Edition, 1980).
Co-editor, Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century (University of Illinois Press, 1988).
With Antonio Frasconi, The Enduring Struggle: Tom Joad's America (1991).
Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow(Alfred A. Knopf, 1998).
With James Allen, Hilton Als, and Congressman John Lewis, Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America (Twin Palms Publishers, 2000).
General Editor, The Harvard Guide to African-American History (2001).
"The Blues Keep Falling," in Ethnic Notions: Black Images in the White Mind (Berkeley Art Center, 1982).
"Hellhound on My Trail: Race Relations in the South from Reconstruction to the Civil Rights Movement," in Opening Doors: Perspectives on Race Relations in Contemporary America (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1991), 3-25.
"Telling the Story: The Historian, the Film Maker, and the Civil War," in Robert B. Toplin (ed.), Ken Burns' Civil War: The Historians' Response (Oxford University Press, 1995).
"The Making of a Historian," in Paul A. Cimbala and Robert F. Himmelberg, Historians and Race: Autobiography and the Writing of History (Bloomington, 1996).
"Pearl Harbor Blues," Regards Croises Sur Les Afro-Américains / Cross Perspective on African Americans (University of Tours, France, 2003), 303-318.