History 101 FAQs

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The Thesis

The Course

The Experience

The Thesis

What is a 101 thesis?

Your 101 project is a chance to carry out a piece of original research. You pose and answer a historical question based on independent research in primary sources. You also place your findings in the context of what other historians have said on the topic.

How do I write my 101 thesis?

You carry out your project in a section of History 101. Each section is limited to 15 students and is centered around a theme. Your 101 instructor guides you through the process of research and writing.

How long should a 101 paper be?

Your 101 paper should be 30 to 50 pages in length. Papers in excess of 50 pages are not encouraged.

What are considered primary sources, and to what extent must my 101 project be based on them?

Primary sources are documentary materials arising directly out of the historical episode you are studying. They can include letters, diaries, speeches and literature, written records of all sorts, oral histories, photographs, physical artifacts, and other items created by historical figures. Primary sources are the raw material of history, and your 101 thesis needs a strong base in them.

How do I find primary sources?

Your instructor will help you with this, but you should think about it on your own, too. There are sources in the library (published materials, government documents), in museums and archives (artifacts, maps, papers of individuals or organizations, oral histories), and on the web (digitized collections of primary sources, databases).

Are foreign languages required for topics on non-English-speaking countries?

Clearly, reading knowledge of the appropriate foreign language would be very useful for such topics. However, with the amount of source material available in translation, it is often possible to work around the language problem. 101 instructors are aware of the issue.

How can I prepare for the 101 project?

You should begin thinking about topics as you proceed through the history major. A paper from a previous class can start you thinking about questions to explore further. The 103 seminar, especially 103s with the R designation (for "research"), will help you understand how historical arguments get constructed. Defining your Field of Concentration (see the Requirements for the History Major) will let you focus on a particular area. You can also explore topics raised by courses outside the department. And good 101 projects often arise from independent research with a professor or in centers like the Regional Oral History Office (e.g., in the Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program).

Can I get financial assistance if I need to travel to conduct my research?

There is a limited amount of money available from the History Department. Applications are accepted each semester. Please see the application form here. You may apply early, with faculty support for your project, but you will not be reimbursed until you are in a 101 class. In addition, the Office of Undergraduate Research has competitive grants for summer research. Please see especially the SURF grant and Haas Scholars Program information here.

Can I get more information about the 101 project?

Yes, see the Undergraduate Advisor, or visit an instructor from one of your previous courses or a professor in your field. The 101 student manual is also available here.

The Course

Do I have to wait until my final semester to take 101?

You can take 101 at any time during your undergraduate career. It it is strongly recommended that you at least reach junior standing, and it is often good to take 103 first. At that point, however, you should consider taking 101 at any time when it fits your schedule. 101 offerings vary from semester to semester and are listed on the department website. If you see a seminar that interests you, seize the opportunity. Don't count on finding the perfect-fit 101 during your final semester on campus.

How do I sign up for the course?

Sign-ups for 101, as for 103, are conducted via the Undergraduate Advisors. Course descriptions will be posted online and available in the History Department Office, 3229 Dwinelle. After you list your top choices on a form, your section is determined and the class number is provided. Fall semester sign-ups currently take place the week before classes start; spring semester sign-ups, in mid-October.

What do I do if I can't find an appropriate section for a topic I have in mind?

It is almost always possible to "spin" topics to fit into available sections. Please see the Undergraduate Advisors, if you find yourself in this situation. In some semesters, a "Writers' Group" is offered for students who already have well-defined projects. Admission to the "Writers' Group" is offered on the basis of an application made when 101 sign-ups go up.

Do I have to take a 101 in my field of concentration?

Yes, this is required. But if a section directly in your field of concentration is not available, you can usually carry out a project in a related section.

Can I contact a professor to supervise my paper individually?

No, there is no "independent study" 101.

Can I take 101 at another school?

No, 101 (and 103, for that matter) must be taken here at Berkeley.

Is 101 offered during the summer?


Is there a difference between a 101 taught by a grad student and one taught by a professor?

There is no difference in the quality of instruction and supervision. If you will be seeking a letter of recommendation specifically based on the thesis for graduate or law school, you should be aware that a letter from a member of the faculty carries more weight than a letter from a graduate student.

Can I take 101 P/NP?

101 (and all required courses for the major) must be taken for a letter grade.

What is the minimum grade I can get on my 101 and still graduate?

You can graduate with a "D-" (D minus) in your 101, so long as your overall GPA, your GPA in upper-division courses in the major, and your major GPA are all above 2.0.

Does the 101 paper determine if I get honors?

Along with GPA requirements (see the Honors page), your 101 paper contributes heavily to determining if you get honors. This is true for students who declared the major 5/31/03 and after. If you declared before then, consult the earlier major requirements.

The Experience

What have past students said about completing the 101?

  • "The course was lots of work. I felt lost when I started, but the whole thing really paid off. (I almost decided not to declare the major when I found out about the thesis requirement, but I'm glad I didn't.)"
  • "I got to dig into a question of my own and shape it to my interests. It gave me a hands-on feeling for what it means to do history."

What advice do past students give to those about to take the course?

  • Jump into the project at the start of the semester; don't imagine you can write it at the last minute
  • Take the 5-unit time commitment seriously.
  • Talk with your instructor — they are there to help you.
  • Enjoy it! This may seem ludicrous, but it's a great experience (by the end).