The History Major Senior Thesis
All history majors at Berkeley take a History 101 seminar, during which they complete their major capstone project, usually a thesis paper. Beginning Fall 2019, the department introduced a new History 101 infrastructure, which offers all history majors a rigorous final project experience. Students pick from one of the following two paths:
1) a one-term capstone project trackThis track enables students to be eligible for honors, but not for high or highest honors.
2) a one-year capstone project trackThis track enables students to be eligible for honors, high honors, and highest honors.
For more information about the department's honors program, please see our honors page.
The one-term project track
The one-term senior project preserves the option for all of our majors to be eligible for honors by offering a capstone requirement that will normally be a serious research paper that we have traditionally called the senior thesis. Expectations for the one-term project track in terms of page length and scholarly engagement will be a paper of between 25-30 pages. Note that well-qualified students might opt for the one-term project over a one-year project for reasons such as participating in study abroad or double majoring.
The one-year project track
Students interested in the one-year project track must apply during the spring one year before their intended graduation. Applications will be vetted by the Faculty Committee on Honors.
A standard fall/spring sequence for the one-year track is expected. During their senior fall, honors students will enroll in an independent study (History 199) with their faculty advisor while they develop their topic, identify and work through relevant primary and secondary sources, sharpen their questions, and produce a robust prospectus. During their senior spring, honors students will enroll in a History 101, along with peers from both the one-term and one-year tracks. Expectations for the one-year project track in terms of page length and scholarly engagement will be a paper of between 45-60 pages.
In order to participate in the one-year project track, students must meet the following prerequisites before applying:
- 3.5 overall GPA and 3.7 major GPA at time of application to the two-term program (only UC courses count toward the major GPA); and
- on track to have completed 90 units before the end of their junior year; and
- at least four upper-division history courses completed.
Click here to apply
*The application for the 2023-24 academic year will open in late May!*
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Frequently Asked Questions
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What is a 101 thesis?
Your 101 project is a chance to carry out a piece of original research. You pose and answer a historical question based on independent research in primary sources. You also place your findings in the context of what other historians have said on the topic.
Must the 101 project take the form of a thesis?
Yes, except under exceptional circumstances. A lengthy written report on the project will be required in all cases and students must have a history faculty sponsor and also be enrolled in a 101.
How do I write my 101 thesis?
You carry out your project in a section of History 101. Each section is limited to 15 students and is centered around a theme. Your 101 instructor guides you through the process of research and writing.
How long should a 101 paper be?
It depends on your capstone project track. If you are completing a one-term track, your 101 paper should be 25 to 30 pages in length (papers in excess of 30 pages are not encouraged). If you are completing a one-year track, your 101 paper should be 45 to 60 pages in length (papers in excess of 60 pages are not encouraged).
What are considered primary sources, and to what extent must my 101 project be based on them?
Primary sources are documentary materials arising directly out of the historical episode you are studying. They can include letters, diaries, speeches and literature, written records of all sorts, oral histories, photographs, physical artifacts, and other items created by historical figures. Primary sources are the raw material of history, and your 101 thesis needs a strong base in them.
How do I find primary sources?
Your instructor will help you with this, but you should think about it on your own, too. There are sources in the library (published materials, government documents), in museums and archives (artifacts, maps, papers of individuals or organizations, oral histories), and online (digitized collections of primary sources, databases).
Are foreign languages required for topics on non-English-speaking countries?
Clearly, reading knowledge of the appropriate foreign language would be very useful for such topics. However, with the amount of source material available in translation, it is often possible to work around the language problem. 101 instructors are aware of the issue.
How can I prepare for the 101 project?
You should begin thinking about topics as you proceed through the history major. A paper from a previous class can start you thinking about questions to explore further. The 103 seminar, especially 103s with the R designation (for "research"), will help you understand how historical arguments get constructed. Defining your Field of Concentration (see the Requirements for the History Major) will let you focus on a particular area. You can also explore topics raised by courses outside the department. And good 101 projects often arise from independent research with a professor or in centers like the Regional Oral History Office (e.g., in the Undergraduate Research Apprenticeship Program).
Can I get financial assistance if I need to travel to conduct my research?
There is a limited amount of money available from the History Department. Applications are accepted each semester. Please see the application form here. You may apply early, with faculty support for your project, but you will not be reimbursed until you are in a 101 class. In addition, the Office of Undergraduate Research has competitive grants for summer research. Please see especially the SURF grant and Haas Scholars Program information here.
Can I get more information about the 101 project?
Yes, see the Undergraduate Advisor, or visit an instructor from one of your previous courses or a professor in your field. The 101 student manual is also available here.
Do I have to wait until my final semester to take 101?
You can take 101 at any time during your undergraduate career. It it is strongly recommended that you at least reach junior standing, and it is often good to take 103 first. At that point, however, you should consider taking 101 at any time when it fits your schedule. 101 offerings vary from semester to semester and are listed on the department website. If you see a seminar that interests you, seize the opportunity. Don't count on finding the perfect-fit 101 during your final semester on campus.
How do I sign up for the course?
Sign-ups for 101, as for 103, are conducted via the Undergraduate Advisors. Course descriptions will be posted online and available in the History Department Office, 3229 Dwinelle. After you list your top choices on a form, your section is determined and the class number is provided. Fall semester sign-ups currently take place the week before classes start; spring semester sign-ups, in mid-October.
What do I do if I can't find an appropriate section for a topic I have in mind?
It is almost always possible to "spin" topics to fit into available sections. Please see the Undergraduate Advisors, if you find yourself in this situation. In some semesters, a "Writers' Group" is offered for students who already have well-defined projects. Admission to the "Writers' Group" is offered on the basis of an application made when 101 sign-ups go up.
Do I have to take a 101 in my field of concentration?
Yes, this is required. But if a section directly in your field of concentration is not available, you can usually carry out a project in a related section.
Can I contact a professor to supervise my paper individually?
No, there is no "independent study" 101.
Can I take 101 at another school?
No, 101 (and 103, for that matter) must be taken here at Berkeley.
Is 101 offered during the summer?
Is there a difference between a 101 taught by a grad student and one taught by a professor?
There is no difference in the quality of instruction and supervision. If you will be seeking a letter of recommendation specifically based on the thesis for graduate or law school, you should be aware that a letter from a member of the faculty carries more weight than a letter from a graduate student.
Can I take 101 P/NP?
101 (and all required courses for the major) must be taken for a letter grade.
What is the minimum grade I can get on my 101 and still graduate?
You can graduate with a "D-" (D minus) in your 101, so long as your overall GPA, your GPA in upper-division courses in the major, and your major GPA are all above 2.0.
Does the 101 paper determine if I get honors?
Along with GPA requirements (see the Honors page), your 101 paper contributes heavily to determining if you get honors. This is true for students who declared the major 5/31/03 and after. If you declared before then, consult the earlier major requirements.
What have past students said about completing the 101?
- "The course was lots of work. I felt lost when I started, but the whole thing really paid off. (I almost decided not to declare the major when I found out about the thesis requirement, but I'm glad I didn't.)"
- "I got to dig into a question of my own and shape it to my interests. It gave me a hands-on feeling for what it means to do history."
What advice do past students give to those about to take the course?
- Jump into the project at the start of the semester; don't imagine you can write it at the last minute.
- Take the time commitment seriously.
- Talk with your instructor — they are there to help you.
- Enjoy it! This may seem ludicrous, but it's a great experience (by the end).