Undergraduate Courses

Berkeley Connect

98BC — Berkeley Connect for Lower Division Students

People learn best when they learn together. That premise underpins all our activities at Berkeley. Berkeley Connect seeks to enhance learning by strengthening contacts between undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty outside of the classroom.

We invite you to connect with undergraduates, graduates and faculty in lively conversation about history and the Berkeley experience. Meet a fantastic group of peers. Ask the questions you’ve always wanted to ask. Learn about the practice of history, and explore the Berkeley campus with a dedicated mentor. Discover a new Berkeley!

The core of the Berkeley Connect program is a one-credit, pass-fail course that is designed to create a community of students with similar intellectual interests. There is no homework associated with Berkeley Connect: no exams, no papers, no quizzes. Berkeley Connect links undergraduate students with experienced mentors in History through small groups of 10-20 students that meet regularly. Small group meetings help students share ideas and learn new skills, as well as foster friendships and provide a supportive intellectual community. Participants will also meet with mentors one-on-one for academic guidance and advice.

The only requirement for joining Berkeley Connect is that you have an interest in the field of study. You do not have to be a major in order to participate! Undeclared freshmen and sophomores are welcome, along with entering junior transfers and juniors and seniors.


Instructor: Thomas James Dandelet

Units: 1

Notes: This course does not count for credit toward the History Major but may fulfill other requirements.

Class Numbers: 

198BC — Berkeley Connect for Upper Division Students

People learn best when they learn together. That premise underpins all our activities at Berkeley. Berkeley Connect seeks to enhance learning by strengthening contacts between undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty outside of the classroom.

We invite you to connect with undergraduates, graduates and faculty in lively conversation about history and the Berkeley experience. Meet a fantastic group of peers. Ask the questions you’ve always wanted to ask. Learn about the practice of history, and explore the Berkeley campus with a dedicated mentor. Discover a new Berkeley!

The core of the Berkeley Connect program is a one-credit, pass-fail course that is designed to create a community of students with similar intellectual interests. There is no homework associated with Berkeley Connect: no exams, no papers, no quizzes. Berkeley Connect links undergraduate students with experienced mentors in History through small groups of 10-20 students that meet regularly. Small group meetings help students share ideas and learn new skills, as well as foster friendships and provide a supportive intellectual community. Participants will also meet with mentors one-on-one for academic guidance and advice.

The only requirement for joining Berkeley Connect is that you have an interest in the field of study. You do not have to be a major in order to participate! Undeclared freshmen and sophomores are welcome, along with entering junior transfers and juniors and seniors.


Instructor: Thomas James Dandelet

Units: 1

Notes: This course does not count for credit toward the History Major but may fulfill other requirements.

Class Numbers: 

R1B Courses

R1B.001 — What it Means to be Human: The Making of the Social Sciences

Disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, history, political economy, and psychology share a commitment to explaining some aspect of human life and human interaction. Whether they study society, human culture, the economy, or human cognition and behavior, these sciences each claim to be able to elucidate something fundamental about human existence. But how exactly have these sciences defined the human being and what it means to be human? This course explores the social sciences when they first began to assert themselves as independent disciplines. From the Enlightenment’s dreams of a “science of man” through the development of the social sciences over the course of the nineteenth century, we will be concerned with how European intellectuals interpreted the distance between humans, animals, and machines and how they imagined normative trajectories for human development and the development of civilizations. We will explore how these sciences have tried to understand the origins and purpose of human life as well as humans’ capacity for reason, language, morality, and law. The fascination with creating a science of “man” was intricately tied to urgent political and cultural projects, which included the reconfiguration of social relations toward a communist utopia and the repudiation of “superstitious” ways of knowing. Our purpose, in addition to probing conceptions of the human that lay at the foundation of the social sciences, will be to investigate the political and cultural conditions that made their invention possible and desirable. Our engagement with philosophical texts and scientific attempts to render the human an object of science will be supplemented by secondary literature by cultural theorists and historians to broaden our understanding of the ways knowledge about humanity gets produced and negotiated.

This course satisfies the second half of the university’s reading and composition requirement and will introduce you to the foundations of historical research. Although this course focuses on developing writing skills, key to improving writing will be learning how to be a good reader. You will learn to read primary and secondary sources carefully and charitably, to use evidence to support your claims, and to craft and defend original arguments. We will explore how to position ourselves in relation to our readers and practice communicating arguments clearly and with purpose. As this is a writing-intensive course, heavy emphasis will be placed on editing and revising written assignments throughout the semester. Writing assignments consist of a diagnostic writing sample, two short essays, and a final historical research paper.


Instructor: Gloria Yu is a PhD Candidate in the History Department. Her research interests include European cultural and intellectual history, the Enlightenment, the history of education, histories of the body, and the history of moral, political, and scientific concepts.

Units: 4

Notes:

  • This course satisfies the second half of the Reading and Composition Requirement.
  • This course does not count for credit toward the History Major but may fulfill other requirements.

Class Number: 21672

View additional details for HIST R1B.001 on the Academic Guide

R1B.002 — In the Name of Humanity: The Laws of War in Global History, 1860s to the Present

What are the laws of war and how have they changed since they first appeared on the global stage in the 1860s? How has moral feeling influenced the purview of such laws, and vice versa? What does it mean to wage a lawful war? This course aims to explore these questions. It offers an introduction to the history of attempts to regulate warfare and their current significance. Our explorations will range from the 1864 Geneva Conventions to current attempts to prohibit nuclear weapons; we will ponder law in armed conflict from the American Civil War to U.S. coalition air strikes in reaction to chemical warfare in Syria. Beyond a history of the norms guiding the laws of war, this course surveys the relationship between these norms and concurrent trends: the rise of nation-states and imperial ambition, accelerating technological change, and escalating destructiveness of warfare. Readings for this course include primary source documents as well as secondary historical scholarship.

This course satisfies the second half of the university's reading and composition requirement. We will develop your ability to read critically and write persuasively, skills that are central to a liberal arts education. The course will also introduce you to key concepts of the historian's craft, including context, causality, change over time, and contingency. The first half of the course will require you to write a diagnostic paper and two brief essays. As a crucial aspect of the course is to familiarize students with the interconnection of thinking, writing, and rewriting, you will be required to revise each of those short essays. In the second half of the course, you will write a longer historical research essay, based on both primary and secondary sources.


Instructor: Elena Kempf is a PhD Candidate in the History Department. She is broadly interested in Legal History, the History of Human Rights, German History, and the intersection of law, morality, and technology. She is writing her dissertation on the history of weapons prohibitions in international humanitarian law. Elena received her B.A. in History from UC Berkeley in 2014.

Units: 4

Notes: 

  • This course satisfies the second half of the Reading and Composition Requirement.
  • This course does not count for credit toward the History Major but may fulfill other requirements.

Class Number: 21673

View additional details for HIST R1B.002 on the Academic Guide

Lower Division Courses

4A — Origins of Western Civilization: The Ancient Mediterranean World

This course offers an introductory survey of the history of the ancient Mediterranean world, from the rise of city states in Mesopotamia c. 3000 BCE to the transformation of the Roman Empire in the 4th century CE. The emphasis will be on the major developments in the political and social history of the ancient Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, with special attention to those institutions, practices, ideas, and objects that have had an enduring influence on the development of western civilization. A key theme for the course as a whole will be the changing configurations of power in the ancient Mediterranean world, not only political (cities, states, empires), but also socio-economic (personal wealth and status) and ideological (religion and belief systems). Lectures and textbook readings will provide an essential historical narrative as well as interpretations of central problems, while readings in primary sources (epic poetry, historiography, public documents, biography, etc.) will give students an opportunity in discussion sections to grapple with some of the evidence on which such narratives and interpretations are based.


Notes: This course satisfies the Pre-Modern Requirement for the History Major.

Instructor: Carlos Noreña

Units: 4

Class Number: 21674

View additional details for HIST 4A on the Academic Guide

5 — European Civilization from the Renaissance to the Present

This course is an introduction to European history from around 1500 to the present. The central questions that it addresses are how and why Europe--a small, relatively poor, and politically fragmented place-- became the motor of globalization and a world civilzation in its own right. Put differently how did "western" become an adjective that, for better and often for worse, stands in place of "modern."


Instructor: Jonathan Sheehan

Units: 4

Class Number: 31133

View additional details for HIST 5 on the Academic Guide.

6A — History of China: Origins to the Mongol Conquest

The history of China from its beginnings to the destruction of the Song Dynasty by the Mongols in the 13th century. Topics to be covered include the emergence of Chinese civilization, the Chinese language, early rhetoric and philosophy, the creation of the first empire, law, Buddhism and religious Taoism, the socioeconomic revolution of the 10th to 12th centuries, identities (male and female, Chinese and "barbarian"), lyric poetry, and painting and calligraphy.


Notes: This course satisfies the Pre-Modern Requirement for the History Major.

Instructor: Nicolas Tackett

Units: 4

Class Number: 21623

View additional details for HIST 6A on the Academic Guide.

7A — The United States from Settlement to Civil War

This course is an introduction to the history of the United States from the beginning of the European colonization of North America to the end of the Civil War. It is also an introduction to the ways historians look at the past and think about evidence. There are two main themes: one is to understand the origin of the "groups" we call European-Americans, Native-Americans, and African-Americans; the second, is to understand how democratic political institutions emerged in the United States in this period in the context of an economy that depended on slave labor and violent land acquisition.


Notes: This course satisfies the American Cultures Requirement.

Instructor: Brian DeLay

Units: 4

Class Number: 21702

View additional details for HIST 7A on the Academic Guide.

8A — Becoming Latin America, 1492 to 1824

This course covers the history of Latin America from the time of Columbus to around 1870. It thus reckons with almost four centuries of encounter, colonization, accommodation, and struggle that frame the ways that Latin America was becoming Latin American. Lectures and a mix of secondary and primary source readings and images produced during the colonial period serve as points of entry for discussion in section meetings.


Instructor: Margaret Chowning

Units: 4

Class Number: 31134

View additional details for HIST 8A on the Academic Guide.

10 — Introduction to African History

The history of Africa is extraordinarily complex and rich in both tragedy and achievement. In this course, important issues in African history will be introduced including the following: how and why complex societies formed in Africa; the technological responses of different Africans to environmental changes; how various cultures, religions, and state ideologies helped to organize African social and political life; the effects of the trade in enslaved


Instructor: Bruce S. Hall

Units: 4

Class Number: 25161

View additional details for HIST 10 on the Academic Guide.

11 — Tantric Yoga, Tandoori Chicken and the Taj Mahal: Introduction to the Civilizations and Cultures of the Indian Subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent (today the home of Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan) is often imagined as an exceptional and timeless space and place: home to a dizzying array of ancient philosophical traditions; spiritual and physical inquiry; long-standing traditions in art, literature, architecture, aesthetics, music and dance. Birthplace of two of the worlds great traditions (Hinduism and Buddhism) and home to the largest Muslim population in the world, the subcontinent has seen dozens of dynasties ruling peoples who speak scores of languages and worship thousands of gods on the one hand, and only One on the other. In this course, we will take a rapid jaunt through this dizzying land in its past and present, and through all its manifold contradictions, from the sublime heights of abstract philosophy to the brutal realities of postcolonial poverty; from the masterpieces of art and architecture to the teeming cities of the subcontinent; from the epics represented in its traditions of dance and music to its contemporary obsession with Bollywood and cricket, that Indian game accidentally birthed in Britain. Our inquiries will be driven by a single question, that is of relevance to every inhabitant of the south Asian subcontinent and many others beyond it: how do we reconcile the lands millennia of civilization with the tortured fractures of its present?


Instructor: Janaki Bakhle

Units: 4

Class Number: 25637

View additional details for HIST 11 on the Academic Guide.

12 — The Middle East

An introduction to the history of the widely misunderstood region known today as the "Middle East," from the 7th century to the present day. Framed by contemporary concerns, the course will trace how a variety of factors like social life, family, gender, sexuality, politics, culture, economy, class and religion interacted over time in a region dominated, yet not necessarily defined by Islam. Students will be challenged to think critically, interpret primary sources and engage with relevant historical methods, learning to discern and craft historical arguments through an engagement with the major debates in the field. Subjects covered include the long-term social and political continuities in the ancient Middle East leading up to the foundation of Islam; the prophet Muhammad and his community; the Rightly- guided Caliphs and the early Arab conquests; the Umayyad and Abbasid Empires; the political fragmentation of the Near East; the Crusades; the Mongol invasions; the rise of the Ottoman and Safavid empires; the formation of the modern Middle East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, interrogating the impact of colonialism and capitalism, modern state formation, nationalism, neo-liberalism, and the rise of political Islam in the region at large.


Instructor: Archana Prakash

Units: 4

Class Number: 32384

View additional details for HIST 12 on the Academic Guide.

14 — Introduction to the History of Japan

A brisk introduction to the nearly two millennia of recorded Japanese history. As a survey, the course gives attention to broad themes and problems in Japan's political, social, and cultural/intellectual history. Topics include the dialectic of national and local identities in shaping Japanese politics, Japan's interaction with the Asian continent and the Western world, and the relation of past to present in modern times.


Instructor: Christoffer Bovbjerg

Units: 4

Class Number: 25164

View additional details for HIST 14 on the Academic Guide.

30 — Science and Society

Science as we know is the product of a historical process. In this course, we will explore the emergence of its concepts, practices, goals, and cognitive authority by surveying its roots in their social and cultural setting. We will trace the development of conceptions of the natural world from antiquity through the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment and up to the modern age. All the sciences fall within our purview, from their early forms up to today.

In this fall semester, we will focus on the origin of Modern Science.


Instructor: Massimo Mazzotti

Units: 4

Class Number: 21634

View additional details for HIST 30 on the Acadademic Guide.

39U — Shanghai: Between China and the World

This seminar explores the history of Shanghai as a place of interaction between China and the world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Shanghai’s opening to foreign trade and residence after 1842 sparked its rapid growth into China’s largest metropolis, and one of the great cities of the world, less than a century later. We will focus on how the accelerating flow of people, goods, and ideas through Shanghai from across the world and throughout China dramatically transformed the material and mental landscape of the metropolis, which in turn shaped the lives and identities of the many different groups of residents who crowded into its expanding borders.


Notes: This course is under review for the Historical Studies Breadth Requirement.

Instructor: Brooks Jessup

Units: 4

Class Number: 34432

View additional details for HIST 39U on the Academic Guide.

88 — How Does History Count?

In this Data Science connector course, we will explore how historical data becomes historical evidence and how recent technological advances affect long-established practices, such as close attention to historical context and contingency. Will the advent of fast computing and big data make history “count” more or lead to unprecedented insights into the study of change over time? During our weekly discussions, we will apply what we learn in lectures and labs to the analysis of selected historical sources and get an understanding of constructing historical datasets. We will also consider scholarly debates over quantitative evidence and historical argument.


Notes: This course does not count for credit toward the History Major but may fulfill other requirements.

Instructor: Brendan Mackie

Units: 2

Class Number: 32177

View additional details for HIST 88 on the Academic Guide.

Upper Division Courses

100AC — Sports and Gender in U.S. History

This course welcomes all students to examine the social and cultural history of men's and women's roles in American sports. From indigenous games through the long history of racially segregated facilities to increasing opportunities for women after Title IX law, we see athletes pressured to model ideology and politics through their very bodies. How have government, media, medical authorities and corporate interests framed winners and losers, masculinity and femininity? Readings, films, guest speakers and discussion will emphasize the history of children's games, coaches, homophobia, fan behaviors, Olympic scandal and wartime teams (such as the AAGBL and the Little League ball played by interned Japanese Americans.). We'll consider the race, class and gender aspects of strength, recreation,body size, mascots, sportswear, toys and sports foods. The course requires one short paper, one midterm essay exam and one longer paper. All cultural perspectives are welcome.


Instructor: Bonnie Morris

Units: 4

Notes: This course satisfies the American Cultures Requirement.

Class Number: 32724

View additional details for HIST 100AC on the Academic Guide.

100B — Europe: Now You See It, …

Modern scholars write of the "making of Europe" and trace its long history, even if the Europeans they describe did not know they were European. In the recent centuries, it has become a real thing, a thing of debate. We will focus on the latter, but the lectures will range more broadly. We will discuss tensions around the creation, loss, re-creation, fragmentation of the idea and the thing in the modern period, since the beginning of the modern period.


Instructor: David Frick

Units: 4

Class Number: 32747

View additional details for HIST 100B on the Academic Guide.

100D.001 — Calculating Americans: Big Histories of Small Data

The data we collect both reflects our values and shapes them, constraining and defining the questions we ask about our society. This course will use a series of case studies from the history of American data to examine a wide array of political, economic, and cultural issues. We will explore the ways that categories, units of analysis, and practices of instruction and collection both reflect and reshape assumptions about race, gender, labor, and household structure. We will also experiment with the many ways we can use quantitative documents to learn about the past—both through close reading and through aggregation and statistical analysis. Case studies will be drawn from the colonial period to the present.


Instructor: Caitlin C. Rosenthal

Units: 4

Class Number: 31137

View additional details for HIST 100D.001 on the Academic Guide.

100D.002 — Family Plots: Writing about Kinship in U.S. History

Kinship claims, ties, structures, and taboos rank among the most fundamental social and cultural forces, and family units have provided powerful templates for the stories people have told, throughout history, about what it means to be human. But of course the meaning and nature of kinship has varied and evolved, much to the fascination of scholars and critics, and so have the stories people tell about family life. This seminar looks specifically at how families and family life have been represented, celebrated, debated, and criticized in the United States over the past two centuries, especially in literature, popular entertainment, politics, and historical writing.

Most of our work will consist of intensive discussion of texts, images, and films produced in the United States over the past 240 years, though we will also have the opportunity to do some analytical and interpretive writing on the subject and to develop plans for potential creative projects. Requirements include timely completion of weekly reading assignments; active, consistent, and thoughtful participation in seminar discussion; biweekly individual meetings with the GSI; short weekly writing exercises; two longer essays; and one mini-prospectus or proposal.


Instructor: David Henkin

Units: 4

Class Number: 31523

View additional details for HIST 100D.002 on the Academic Guide.

100M — Special Topics in the History of the Middle East: Jews and Muslims

This course studies Muslim-Jewish relations as they developed in the Middle East and North Africa from the rise of Islam to the present day. It analyzes how ethnic and religious boundaries were both drawn and transgressed in historical settings including Arabia in the time of Muhammad, Islamic Spain, the Ottoman Empire, and modern Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco, and Israel. It asks how this shared cultural heritage is remembered and mobilized in the contemporary world, shedding light on the current state of Muslim-Jewish relations not only in the MENA but in Europe and the US as well. Films, memoirs, scripture, and historical works form the basis of our inquiry.


Instructor: Emily Gottreich

Units: 4

Class Number: 32154

View additional details for HIST 100M on the Academic Guide.

100U — Medieval Sacred Kingship: Embodied Power and the Divine in Europe and Africa c. 500-1500

If contemporary popular culture is any guide, we are fascinated by rulers with super-human abilities: from Black Panther's King T'Challa to Aragorn's foresight and healing power, sovereigns with special gifts loom large in our imaginary realms. This course explores the historical origins of ideas about sacred rulers during the centuries usually called "medieval" (c. 500-1500). It will compare the development of Christian sacred kingship in Western Europe—the idea that sovereigns ruled by "divine right"—with the influence of Islam on ideas and practices of rulership in several African kingdoms. In both cases, the impact of indigenous "tribal" beliefs and practices on the acceptance and development of Abrahamic faiths will be considered. What relations between rulers and the sacred are attested? What kinds of divine powers are attributed to kings and how are they related to their earthly, political authority? How were power and holiness mobilized in the creation of early states? Close reading and analysis of primary sources in translation (such as biographies, letters, chronicles, and traveler's accounts) will be emphasized as well as interpretive frameworks drawn from modern scholarship. Course requirements include brief analytical responses to primary sources; a take-home midterm examination; and a final exam as scheduled by the Office of the Registrar during the university's final examination week.


Instructor: Maureen C. Miller

Units: 4

Class Number: 25941

View additional details for HIST 100U on the Academic Guide.

105A — Archaic and Classical Greek History

This course will present an overview of the history of the Greek world from the eighth through the fifth centuries BCE. We will consider the political innovations, cultural creativity, social tensions, and economic systems that accompanied the demographic expansion and proliferation of settlements that characterized the Archaic Greek world. We will examine the ways, both competitive and cooperative, in which this multitude of small states interacted with one another and with their non-Greek neighbors—Etruscans, Phoenicians, Egyptians, and Persians. We will study the emergence of democracy in Athens, the Greek defense against a series of Persian invasions, and the seismic effects of that struggle on Greek political ambitions in the fifth century, culminating in the Peloponnesian War, the Spartan-led attempt to break the power of the Athenian empire. Most readings will be in translated primary sources, including Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus, Thucydides, lyric and tragic poetry, and documentary evidence such as laws, treaties, and decrees. There will be two short papers, a midterm, and a cumulative final exam.


Instructor: Emily Mackil

Units: 4

Class Number: 31138

View additional details for HIST 105A on the Academic Guide.

116D — 20th Century China

This course offers a survey of Chinese history from the turn of the twentieth century to the present. The narrative will focus on the rise of the Chinese party-state, the transformation of social groups and identities, and China's changing role in the world. Topics include the fall of the Qing dynasty, the new Republic, the rivalry between Communists and Nationalists, the war with Japan, the Cultural Revolution, reform and opening, the 1989 democracy movement, and China's global rise.


Instructor: J. Brooks Jessup

Units: 4

Class Number: 21632

View additional details for HIST 116D on the Academic Guide.

117D — Chinese Bodies: Medicine, Health, Sex, and Gender

This thematic course examines notions of the "Chinese body" as they develop over three main time periods: the early empires (4th c. BCE- 4th c. CE), late imperial China, and China today. As its title indicates, the course focuses on four main perspectives that mutually inform each other: (1) gender constructions; (2) understandings of sexual activity; (3) definitions of good health and well-being; and (4) the healing and medical arts. Contrary to the Orientalist stereotypes of "unchanging China," notions of the body and hence the person have changed dramatically over the course of two millennia — so much so that older practices have little in common with contemporary qi gong 氣功 ("breath work") or the so-called TCM ("Traditional Chinese Medicine").


Instructor: Michael Nylan

Units: 4

Class Number: 31140

View additional details for HIST 117D on the Academic Guide.

124A — The United States from the Late 19th Century to the Eve of World War II

During the first half-century before World War II, the United States became an industrialized, urban society with national markets and communication media. This class will explore in depth some of the most important changes and how they were connected. We will also examine what did not change, and how state and local priorities persisted in many arenas. Among the topics addressed: population movements and efforts to control immigration; the growth of corporations and trade unions; the campaign for women's suffrage; Prohibition; an end to child labor; the institution of the Jim Crow system; and the reshaping of higher education.


Notes: This course satisfies the American Cultures Requirement.

Instructor: Brendan Shanahan

Units: 4

Class Number: 21641

View additional details for HIST 124A on the Academic Guide.

125B — Soul Power: African American History, 1861-1980

This course will examine the history of African Americans and race relations from the Civil War and Emancipation (1861-1865) through the modern African American Freedom Struggle (1954-1980), concluding with the post-Civil Rights-Black Power era (1980-2012). Major social, cultural, political, and economic developments will be emphasized. Possible texts: Tera Hunter, To 'Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women's Lives and Labors After the Civil War; John Hope Franklin, ed., Three Negro Classics [including: W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk; Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery; James Weldon Johnson, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man]; Lisa Levenstein, A Movement Without Marches: African American Women and the Politics of Poverty in Postwar Philadelphia; Joshua Bloom and Waldo E. Martin, Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party; Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.


Instructor: Waldo E. Martin

Units: 4

Class Number: 31142

View additional details for HIST 125B on the Academic Guide.

128C — California, the West, and the World

This course will survey the history of California and the American West from the mid-19th century to the dawn of the 21st century. It will situate this state and regional history within the relevant currents of global history, which have profoundly shaped and been shaped by California and the American West - from the Gold Rush and the global guano trade it sparked in the mid-19th century, to the rise of Hollywood in the early 20th century, to the development and deployment of atomic weapons in the mid-20th century, to the emergence of Silicon Valley technological innovation and New Gilded Age income polarization in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.


Instructor: Jennifer Robin Terry

Units: 4

Notes: This course satisfied the American Cultures Requirement.

Class Number: 26050

View additional details for HIST 128AC on the Academic Guide.

131B — Social History of the United States: Creating Modern American Society from the End of the Civil War

This course examines the transformation of American society since the Civil War. The lectures and readings give special attention to the emergence of city culture and its possibilities for a pluralistic society; the experience and effect of immigration in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; the revolution in communications and industry; changes in family dynamics, the emergence of modern childhood, schooling, and youth culture; changes in gender relations and sexuality; the problematics of race and the changing nature of class relationships in a consumer society; the triumph of psychological and therapeutic concepts of the self.


Notes: This course satisfied the American Cultures Requirement.

Instructor: Daniel M. Robert

Units: 4

Class Number: 32718

View additional details for HIST 131B on the Academic Guide.

141B — Social History of Latin America: Rights, Rebellions, and Revolutions

This course examines the social history of Latin America starting in the late nineteenth century through the early twenty-first. We pay particular attention to the enduring problem of social and racial inequality and ongoing struggles for rights that in some cases became rebellions and revolutions. The protagonists of this course include constituents that historically had limited access to power like enslaved African and African-descended men and women, indigenous peoples, rural populations, and women. We examine how these individuals contended with industrialization and the consolidation of strong central governments and economic hierarchies. Themes covered include nineteenth-century struggles for abolition and independence in Cuba and Brazil, the Mexican Revolution, mobilizations for work and political recognition by Afro-Caribbean peoples, women and children in Chile, race and populism in Argentina, the 1959 Cuban Revolution, everyday revolutions in Chile, gay rights activism in Argentina and Brazil, counterrevolution and resistance in Guatemala, Brazilian samba as community organizing, and indigenous movements in a neoliberal context. Multinational and intentionally comparative, we will consider the resonances and divergences in the various national case studies. Throughout we examine the past to better understand the present.


Instructor: Elizabeth Schwall

Units: 4

Class Number: 32721

View additional details for HIST 141B on the Academic Guide.

142 — Cuba in World History

This course surveys Cuban history, culture, and politics from the fifteenth century to the present. We will examine both the outsized role the island has played in world history and the dramatic ways world history has refracted through the island’s turbulent past. Over this long timespan, Cuba has had relationships of colonial status with Spain, a client role with the United States, and dependency with the Soviet Union. Today it struggles to build a new post-Cold War relationship with the United States. Throughout its history, the island has played a critical part in global flows of capital, goods, people, and ideas that have profoundly altered world politics, economics, demographics, and cultures. How has Cuban history and culture been shaped by its unique position in global geopolitics, at the crossroads of Europe, the Americas, and Africa? How have inhabitants of Cuba struggled against recurring and ongoing relationships of colonialism and dependency with foreign powers? And finally, how have inhabitants of Cuba defined what it means to be Cuban both because of and in spite of these global forces? In answering these questions, we will draw on a wide array of texts (historians’ interpretations, contemporary accounts, speeches, literature, art, music, dance, and film) from long before the famous Revolution of 1959 to well after. Our goal will be to interrogate the broad sweep of Cuba’s past and the ongoing and fiercely contested process of its interpretation.


Instructor: Elena A. Schneider

Units: 4

Class Number: 32991

View additional details for HIST 142 on the Academic Guide.

151C — Britain, 1750 to the Present

For many years Britain was seen as the crucible of the modern world. This small, cold, and wet, island in northern Europe was credited with inventing representative politics, the idea of the individual, an industrial economy, sustaining the rapid growth of a predominantly urban population, mass culture, the nuclear family, and, of course, an empire upon which the sun famously never set. And yet, despite this precocious modernity, imperial Britain remained a deeply traditional society that failed to rid itself of ancient institutions like the monarchy, the aristocracy and the established church.

The class seeks to explain this paradox through an account of the rise, fall and reinvention of a ‘liberal’ political economy that prescribed how markets, governments, empires, and even people, should work. Thus we explore everything from the creation of the Gold Standard and the creation of the monarchy as an imperial spectacle to the history the urinal and the mutual orgasm. In doing so the class tries to challenge the old imperial conceit that Britain made the modern world by showing how Britain was also the product of imperial and global processes she often claimed to have produced.

A brilliant and relatively cheap textbook, written by me, will support the lectures and discussion sections. Assessment will be based upon bi-weekly quizzes (30%), section participation (30%) and a final examination or short research paper of 10 pages (40%).


Instructor: James Vernon

Units: 4

Class Number: 32141

View additional details for HIST 151C on the Academic Guide.

159B — European Economic History, 1750-1914

The Industrial Revolution and the rise of the European economy to world dominance in the 19th century, emphasizing the diffusion of the industrial system and its consequences, the world trading system, and the rise of modern imperialism.


Instructor: Andrej Milivojevic

Units: 4

Class Number: 32693

View additional details for HIST 159B on the Academic Guide.

162B — A Century of Struggle: International Relations since 1914

This course analyzes the turbulent transitions from the classical European balance of power system to the global multipolar system of today. The course explores the political, economic, ideological, and technological roots of international affairs. Among topics discussed are the two world wars, inter-war collective security,the Cold War, European integration, imperialism and de-colonization, the collapse of Communism, the Middle East conflict, the rise of China and Japan, and the post-1990 international order.


Instructor: Joseph Kellner

Units: 4

Class Number: 32695

View additional details for HIST 162B on the Academic Guide.

165D — The Social and Cultural History of Early Modern Europe

This course examines the lives of ordinary people in Europe from roughly 1300-1800. Its goal, in the words of the great social historian E.P. Thompson, is to rescue them from "the enormous condescension of posterity," exploring how the common people made their own history and used their ingenuity to shape not only their own lives but also, at key moments, the development of European modernity.


Instructor: Ethan H. Shagan

Units: 4

Class Number: 31145

View additional details for HIST 165D on the Academic Guide.

166C — Modern France

This course explores modern France and its place in the world. We begin with the French Revolution, one of the truly earth-shaking events in history, and then we follow French history through a series of monarchical, authoritarian, and democratic regimes. In the process, we will also trace the emergence, expansion and decline of a great colonial empire. Issues of focus include French cultural and intellectual life; empire as a way of life not only for colonists but also for those living in mainland France; religion; immigration; battles over "who is French"; and dramatic changes in French economy and society during the past two centuries.


Instructor: Ethan Katz

Units: 4

Class Number: 32199

View additional details for HIST 166C on the Academic Guide.

171B — Imperial Russia: From Peter the Great to the Russian Revolution

In 1721, Peter the Great chose the title of Emperor for himself and declared that Russia was an Empire. The empire lasted until the revolutions of 1917, but was never entirely stable. The Romanovs believed that autocracy was the key to good governance, and they made the modernization of the state their key goal, expanding both the military and bureaucracy to intervene ever more deeply in their subjects’ lives. Yet, Russia’s enormous size and its great social, ethnic, and religious diversity made it very difficult to govern. The reigns of almost all Romanov Emperors were marked by coups d’état, peasant rebellions, and, later, assassination attempts. This course will focus heavily on political history and political thought. Given the many factors that were tearing the Empire apart, it will ask, what held it together for so many years?


Instructor: Victoria Frede

Units: 4

Class Number: 25178

View additional details for HIST 171B on the Academic Guide.

173C — History of Eastern Europe: From 1900 to the Present

This course will examine the history of 20th-century Eastern Europe, understood as the band of countries and peoples stretching from the Baltics to the Balkans. Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary, however, will receive special attention. Topics of study will include foundation of the national states, Eastern European fascism, Nazi occupation, contructing Stalinist socialism, the fate of reform communism, reconstitution of "civil society," and the emergence of a new Eastern Europe. Given the paucity of historical writings on the region, the course will make extensive use of cinematic and literary portrayals of Eastern Europe.


Instructor: John Connelly

Units: 4

Class Number: 25746

View additional details for HIST 173C on the Academic Guide.

175B — Jews in the Modern World

This course will examine the impact of modern intellectual, political, cultural, and social forces on the Jewish people since the eighteenth century. It is our aim to come to an understanding of how the Jews interpreted these forces and how and in what ways they adapted and utilized them to suit the Jewish experience. In other words, we will trace the way Jews became modern. Some of the topics to be covered include Emancipation, the Jewish Enlightenment, new Jewish religious movements, Jewish politics and culture, antisemitism, the Holocaust, and the state of Israel.


Instructor: John M. Efron

Units: 4

Class Number: 32994

View additional details for HIST 175B on the Academic Guide.

177B — Armenia: From Pre-modern Empires to the Present

This survey course will cover the period from the incorporation of most of the Armenian plateau into the Ottoman Empire to the present. Throughout most of this period Armenians lived in three pre-modern empires: the Persian, the Ottoman, and the Russian. As these political entities shaped Armenian life significantly, they will also serve as geographic subdivisions for the lectures of this course. In the twentieth century, two key events and their consequences will draw our attention. First, as a result of the Armenian Genocide, no Armenian population lives any more on most of the Armenian plateau and the size and characteristics of the pre-existing Armenian diaspora have changed dramatically. Second, the reluctant proclamation of a short-lived, independent republic on some parts of eastern Armenia in May 1918 laid the foundation for the subsequent Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic and the current Republic of Armenia.

We will reflect upon a number of themes. First, what was the status of the Armenians in the pre-modern empires and how did it shape the rise of modern Armenian national consciousness? Second, what were the roots of the Armenian-Turkish polarization that put an end to centuries of cohabitation? Third, what are the legacies of the independent republic of 1918-20 and of Soviet Armenia for the current Armenian state? Fourth, how did the dispersion shape the culture, mentalities, socioeconomic development, and political culture of the Armenian people? Fifth, what does it mean to be Armenian in the modern period, especially in the twentieth century? In other words, is there such a thing as a single Armenian identity uniting, say, a Soviet Armenian, an American Armenian, and a Lebanese Armenian? Finally, we will take advantage of this survey to reflect on the main characteristics of modern Armenian culture, institutions, and political life.


Instructor: Stephan H. Astourian

Units: 4

Class Number: 31146

View additional details for HIST 177B on the Academic Guide.

180 — The Life Sciences since 1750

This course will survey the development of the sciences of living nature from the mid-18th to the late-20th century. Topics include scientific and popular natural history, exploration and discovery, Darwin and evolution, cell theory, the organizational transformation of science, physiology and experimentalism, classical and molecular genetics, and the birth of the environmental sciences. Emphasis is on the formation of fundamental concepts and methods, long-term trends toward specialization. The class will examine how the life sciences intersected race, politics, and gender in modern world history. Many lectures are illustrated by slides. The class is open to students from all disciplines, since a scientific or historical background is not a necessary prerequisite.


Instructor: Angelo Caglioti

Units: 4

Class Number: 32696

View additional details for HIST 180 on the Academic Guide.

180T — The Life Sciences since 1750 (CalTeach)

This course is a parallel course to 180, intended for students interested in teaching elementary or secondary school science and math. Students in the "T" course will attend the regular 180 lectures and a special section; this section will focus on techniques, skills, and perspectives necessary to apply the history of science in the juvenile and adolescent science classroom, including pedagogy, devising lesson plans for their classrooms, finding reliable historical information, and writing.


Instructor: Angelo Caglioti

Units: 4

Class Number: 32697

View additional details for HIST 180T on the Academic Guide.

C182C — Introduction to Science, Technology, and Society

In Fall 2018, this course explores how data science is entangled with diverse human contexts (histories, institutions, and material bases) and ethics (domains of value-laden choice). We will bring historically-grounded perspectives as well as frameworks and methods from Science, Technology, and Society (STS) (such as cross-national comparison, co-production, and controversy studies) to bear on topics that include: Doing ethical data science amid shifting definitions of human subjects, consent, and privacy; the changing relationship between data, democracy, and law; the role of data analytics in how corporations and governments provide public goods such as health and security to citizens; sensors, machine learning and artificial intelligence and changing landscapes of labor, industry, and city life; and the implications of data for how publics and varied scientific disciplines know the world.

Note: This class has been proposed to meet the Human Contexts and Ethics requirement of the proposed Data Science major.


Instructor: Cathryn Carson

Units: 4

Class Number: 31147

View additional details for HIST C182C on the Academic Guide.

185B — History of Christianity from 1250

This course follows 185A as the 2nd of two semesters on the History of Christianity. It treats the history of (principally Western) Christianity between the High Middle Ages and the present in Europe and in the rest of the world. The course's main theme is Christianity and the encounter of cultures. Its core readings range from Thomas a Kempis, Martin Luther, and St. Teresa of Avila to Simone Weil and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. The lectures will treat social, cultural, and intellectual topics, such as ecclesiastical authority institutions, forms of piety, revivalism, evangelization, theological speculation, Biblical scholarship, and philosophical arguments for and against religion.


Instructor: Thomas James Dandelet

Units: 4

Class Number: 31148

View additional details for HIST 185B on the Academic Guide.

C187 — The History and Practice of Human Rights

A required class for students in the human rights minor (but open to others), this course examines the development of human rights. More than a history of origins, it explores the relationships between human rights and other crucial themes in the history of the modern era. As a history of international trends and an examination of specific practices, it will ask students to make comparisons across space and time and to reflect upon the evolution of human rights in both thought and action.


Instructor: Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann

Units: 4

Class Number: 31149

View additional details for HIST C187 on the Academic Guide.