Ph.D., University of Leeds
B.A., University of Durham
Other advanced studies: London School of Economics; the Sorbonne
My field is international history as well as late modern Europe. International history is what used to be known in the US as diplomatic history, largely (and wrongly) understood as the story of wars and treaties. European historians, especially France's Pierre Renouvin, reinvented it, enlarging and redefining it as the study of the history of international relations in the broadest sense-addressing not only inter-state relations but exchanges between peoples, transnational issues and agencies.
France and the Coming of the Second World War, 1936-1939, Frank Cass, London, 1977, 424 pp.
The Making of the Second World War, Allen and Unwin, London, 1977 (2nd ed. 1979; reprinted by Routledge 1992) 240 pp.
The Lost Peace: International Relations in Europe, 1918-1939, Edward Arnold, London, 1980, 236 pp.
British Documents on Foreign Affairs: Western Europe 1918-1939, (editor) 15 vols., Washington D.C., University Publications of America 1993.
Grandeur and Misery: France's Bid for Power in Europe, 1914-1940, London, Arnold, 1995 (St. Martin's Press, New York), 276 pp.
Papers & Articles
"Historians at War", in The Origins of the Second World War: An International Perspective, ed.Frank McDonough, Continuum 2011, pp.507-524.
"The Spanish Civil War Revisited: the French Connection", in The International Context of the Spanish Civil War, ed., Gaynor Johnson, Cambridge Scholars 2009, pp.1-17.
"Britain, France, the United States and Euro-Africa, 1945-1949", in Marie-Therese Bitsch and Gerard Bossuat (eds), L'Europe Unie et L'Afrique, Bruylant, Brussels, 2005, pp. 119-132.
"Anthony Eden: Euro-skeptic?" in Inventer l'Europe, Gerard Bossuat ed., Peter Lang, Brussels & New York 2003, 245-255.
"The British experience of war since 1945: Suez 1956, Falklands 1982", Conflits en Mutation? De la guerre froide aux nouveaux conflits, Antoine Coppolani ed., Editions Complexes, Brussels, 2003, 255-269.
"Jean Baptiste Duroselle". Introduction to first English translation of J-B Duroselle's France and the Nazi Threat, Enigma books, New York 2004, xi-xiv.
Entries for Charles Mendl and Sir Ronald Campbell, New Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
"La Recherche francaise et la reinvention de l'Histoire diplomatique", Revue d'histoire diplomatique, 4, 2005, pp.343-360
"'The times they are a-changing': reflections on the crisis of personal and collective identities in twentieth century Europe," Persona Y Derecha, 56-2007, 19-34.
"France and the internationalization of the Spanish Civil War: A Reassessment,"Actas Del Congreso Internacional, Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones Culturales, Madrid 2008
Organized international conference "Mars vs.Venus: America, Europe and the Future of the West", April 2006, hosted by IES and IIS.
Keynote address " The Spanish Civil War- ideological battleground of a European civil war?", international conference "Democractic powers and the Right in interwar Europe", University of Salford UK, June 2006
"The internationalization of the Spanish Civil War", paper for the seventieth anniversary international conference, Madrid, November 2006
Keynote lecture, "Twentieth Century Change and Modern Identities", Symposium , University of Navarra, Pamplona, 9 May 2007