My research focuses primarily upon gender and American slavery, but I am equally fascinated with colonial and 19th century legal and economic history, especially as it pertains to women, systems of bondage, and the domestic slave trade.
My first book, They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South, which is set for publication in Spring of 2019 by Yale University Press, is a regional study that draws upon formerly enslaved people's testimony to dramatically reshape current understandings of white women's economic relationships to slavery. The book is based on my revised dissertation, which won the Organization of American Historians' 2013 Lerner-Scott Prize for the best doctoral dissertation in U.S. women's history. They Were Her Property puts narrative sources, legal documents, and financial records into conversation with each other in order to show how white women's investments in the institution shaped their gender identities and to situate them firmly at the center of 19th century America's most significant and devastating system of economic exchange. It begins by tracing white women's ideological development as slave owners from girlhood to adulthood. By doing so, it reveals that white parents raised their daughters with particular expectations related to owning slaves and taught their female progeny how to be effective slave masters. These lessons played a formative role in how white women conceptualized their personal relationships to human property, imagined the powers that they would possess once they became slave owners, and shaped their techniques of slave control. Elucidating these lifelong processes of indoctrination makes it clear why some white women did not feel compelled to relinquish control over their slaves to spouses once they married, and why they sought to manage and "master" their slaves, too. It also makes clear why many slave-owning women responded to the Civil War and adapted to its economic aftermath in the ways that they did. As a whole, this book offers more expansive and differently gendered understandings of American slavery, the trans-regional domestic slave trade, and nineteenth-century slave markets.
PhD, History, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, May 2012
MA, History of the United States, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, May 2007
BA, Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, May 2003
- African-American history
- The History of American Slavery
- Slavery and the Law
- The History of Women
- Women and Early American Law
Honors & Awards
Organization of American Historians Lerner-Scott Dissertation Prize in U.S. Women's History, 2013
Fellowships & Grants
American Association of University Women Post-Doctoral Fellowship (Declined)
National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship for University Teachers, 2017-2018
Ford Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship, 2017-2018
Woodrow Wilson Foundation Career Enhancement Fellowship for Junior Faculty, 2017
Humanities Research Fellowship, University of California, Berkeley, 2017-2018
Hellman Fellows Fund Award, 2016
Regents' Junior Faculty Fellowship, University of California, Berkeley, 2015
Institute of International Studies Manuscript Mini-Conference Grant, University of California, Berkeley, 2015
Arts and Humanities Initiative Standard Grant, University of Iowa, 2013-2014
College of Liberal Arts & Sciences Old Gold Summer Fellowship, University of Iowa, 2013-2014
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Small Summer Research Grant, Rutgers University, 2011
Pre-Doctoral Leadership Development Institute Fellowship, Rutgers University, 2010-2011
Rutgers Center for Historical Analysis Graduate Student Fellowship, Rutgers University, 2010-2011
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Small Summer Research Grant, Rutgers University, 2010
Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship-Honorable Mention, 2010 Competition
Graduate Assistantship, Center for Race and Ethnicity, Rutgers University, 2009-2010
Ralph Johnson Bunche Distinguished Graduate Award, Rutgers University, 2007
Louis Bevier Graduate Fellowship (Finalist/Alternate), Rutgers University, 2007
|They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South (Yale University Press, February 2019)|
Essays in Edited Collections
"Rethinking Sexual Violence and the Marketplace of Slavery: White Women, the Slave Market and Enslaved People's Sexualized Bodies in the Nineteenth-Century South," in Sexuality and Slavery: Reclaiming Intimate Histories in the Americas, eds. Daina Ramey Berry and Leslie Harris (Forthcoming University of Georgia Press, 2018)
"Mistresses in the Making: White Girls, Mastery and the Practice of Slaveownership in the Nineteenth-Century South," in Women's America, Volume 8: Refocusing the Past. Eds. Linda Kerber, Jane Sherron De Hart, Cornelia Hughes Dayton, and Judy Wu (Oxford University Press, 2015)
"'[S]he could...spare one ample breast for the profit of her owner': White Mothers and Enslaved Wet Nurses' Invisible Labor in American Slave Markets." Slavery and Abolition 38, No. 2 (April 2017): 337-355. http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/HsIgDYQDUerxdrkMIjZH/full
Calvin Schermerhorn, The Business of Slavery and the Rise of American Capitalism, 1815-1860 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2015), in Journal of Southern History 82, No. 2 (May 2016): 411-412.
"Police shootings: How many more must perish before we see justice?" The Berkeley Blog, July 27, 2017, http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2017/07/27/stephanie-jones-rogers-police-exone...
"Another Side to the Tubman Twenty," The Berkeley Blog, April 26, 2016, http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2016/04/26/my-reservations-about-harriet-tubma...
"A Thousand Words, Countless Silences and the Audacity of Black Love," The Berkeley Blog, March 31, 2016, http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2016/03/31/a-thousand-words-countless-silences...
"The Charleston Massacre: What is the Meaning of Black Life in America?" The Berkeley Blog, July 13, 2015, http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2015/07/13/the-charleston-massacre-what-is-the...
"Rachel Dolezal's 'Deception': What We Don't Want to Know about Racial Identity in America," The Berkeley Blog, June 29, 2015, http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2015/06/29/rachel-dolezals-deception-what-we-d...
Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program Projects (Currently Inactive)
The Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program (URAP) provides an opportunity for Berkeley undergraduates to work with faculty members on their cutting-edge research projects. As part of this initiative, I am working with undergraduate apprentices on several data collection projects. Detailed descriptions of my URAP projects and what apprentices will be asked to do can be found here: http://urapprojects.berkeley.edu/projects/detail.php?id_list=His0717
Students meet regularly with me (every 2 weeks) for research mentoring and may earn 1 unit of academic credit for each 3 hours of research work (limited to 4 units per term). The program is designed to stimulate awareness of advanced research and interest in graduate study. Students are not paid for their participation. However, you DO acquire experience that can be placed on your resume/CV.
If you are interested in being considered for my URAP projects you can find out more about the application process, including the actual application, here: http://research.berkeley.edu/urap/. History majors are strongly preferred. You may submit applications for no more than three URAP projects and you can work on only ONE URAP project in a semester. Interested students can submit applications online. The deadline for the Spring semester has passed.
I'd be delighted to work with graduate applicants who are interested in African-American history, the history of American slavery, slavery and the law, the history of women, and women and the law.
Letters of Recommendation for Undergraduates
I will not be able to write letters of recommendation while I am on leave.
If you are considering asking me to write a letter of recommendation for you, please be mindful of the following. I prefer to write letters of support for students who have completed two or more classes with me. Even for those students who have taken multiple courses with me, I can only write a substantive letter of support if I know you. Simply earning an "A" in the class is not enough. I have to know something about you, so it is in your best interest to make yourself known to me. Visit me during office hours (if you have a reason), actively participate in class, ask questions in and out of class if you have any. In short, set yourself apart from your classmates. If you don't do these things, there isn't much that I can write about beyond your letter grade.
Before requesting a Letter of Recommendation you should also ask yourself whether my interactions with you would allow me to evaluate you on the following factors:
- Intellectual Ability
- Imagination And Creativity
- Social Skills
- Ability In Oral Expression
- Writing Ability
- Quality Of Previous Work
- Research Aptitude
- Work Ethic
- Suitability For Graduate School
- Promise As A Professional In The Field
Graduate school admissions committees ask faculty to evaluate each student on this range of factors. In fact, I extracted these items directly from the faculty interfaces for 2017 student applications. If I cannot give graduate admissions committees my honest evaluation regarding these factors, it is best for you to request a letter from an instructor who knows you and your work well enough to do so. The best professors to do so would be those who you've had more than one small seminar-style class with and/or those with whom you've worked closely and have read and critiqued your written work.
If you consider the above and you still would like for me to write a letter for you, you must request it at least FOUR WEEKS before the deadline. Additionally, you must provide the following, without exception:
- Application/Letter Deadlines.
- Scholarship/Job/Graduate school to which you are applying.
- Website/info about the opportunity/job/academic program.
- Instructions on how/where to send/deliver recommendation letter
- Application materials you plan on submitting (draft or final versions if available)
I prefer to receive all of your letter requests at once. If you plan to apply to more than 2-3 schools, I recommend that you create an Interfolio account at: https://www.interfolio.com/ which allows your letter writers to upload their letters and then allows you to send them to as many schools as you want. There is a small fee to sign up, but I find that it is worth it.
If you would like to make an announcement that is addressed to undergraduates enrolled in my lecture courses, please email me at email@example.com for prior approval at least two days before you would like to visit.